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hindooism

English Thesaurus

1. a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils (noun.cognition)
:faith, religion, religious belief,
definition:a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny (noun.cognition)
:darsana,
definition:(from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma (noun.cognition)
:mimamsa,
definition:(from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads (noun.cognition)
:vedanta,
definition:(from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas (noun.cognition)
:krishnaism,
definition:worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu (noun.cognition)
:shivaism, sivaism,
definition:worship of Shiva one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon (noun.cognition)
:saktism, shaktism,
definition:worship of Shakti as the wife of Shiva (noun.cognition)
:vaishnavism, vaisnavism, vishnuism,
definition:worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon (noun.cognition)
:yoga,
definition:Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion (noun.cognition)
:vedism,
definition:the form of Hinduism that revolves primarily around the mythic version and ritual ideologies in the Vedas (noun.cognition)
:bhakti,
definition:(Hinduism) loving devotion to a deity leading to salvation and nirvana; open to all persons independent of caste or sex (noun.act)
:mandala,
definition:any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe; used chiefly in Hinduism and Buddhism as an aid to meditation (noun.artifact)
:asana,
definition:(Hinduism) a posture or manner of sitting (as in the practice of yoga) (noun.attribute)
:matsyendra,
definition:(Hinduism) a religious posture (noun.attribute)
:bhagavad-gita, bhagavadgita, gita,
definition:(Hinduism) the sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life (noun.communication)
:mahabharata, mahabharatam, mahabharatum,
definition:(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families (noun.communication)
:veda, vedic literature,
definition:(from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads (noun.communication)
:ayurveda,
definition:(Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda (noun.communication)
:mantra,
definition:(Sanskrit) literally a `sacred utterance' in Vedism; one of a collection of orally transmitted poetic hymns (noun.communication)
:kamasutra,
definition:(Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law (noun.communication)
:ahimsa,
definition:a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence (noun.communication)
:sanskrit, sanskritic language,
definition:(Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism); an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes (noun.communication)
:cycle of rebirth,
definition:(Hinduism) repeated rebirth in new forms (noun.event)
:moksa,
definition:(Hinduism) release from the cycle of rebirth (noun.event)
:karma,
definition:(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation (noun.event)
:samsara,
definition:(Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth (noun.event)
:caste,
definition:(Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity (noun.group)
:jati,
definition:(Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter) (noun.group)
:varna,
definition:(Hinduism) the name for the original social division of Vedic people into four groups (which are subdivided into thousands of jatis) (noun.group)
:arjuna,
definition:(Hindu mythology) the warrior prince in the Bhagavad-Gita to whom Krishna explains the nature of being and of God and how humans can come to know God (noun.person)
:hindu deity,
definition:a deity worshipped by the Hindus (noun.person)
:bengali,
definition:(Hinduism) a member of a people living in Bangladesh and West Bengal (mainly Hindus) (noun.person)
:guru,
definition:a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher (noun.person)
:mahatma,
definition:(Hinduism) term of respect for a brahmin sage (noun.person)
:saddhu, sadhu,
definition:(Hinduism) an ascetic holy man (noun.person)
:enlightenment, nirvana,
definition:(Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation; characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness (noun.state)
2. the religion of most people in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal (noun.group)
:faith, organized religion, religion,
definition:an institution to express belief in a divine power (noun.group)
:brahmanism, brahminism,
definition:the religious and social system of orthodox Hinduism (noun.group)
:shivaism, sivaism,
definition:a Hindu sect worshiping Shiva (noun.group)
:saktism, shaktism,
definition:a Hindu sect worshiping Shakti (noun.group)
:vaishnavism, vaisnavism,
definition:Hindu sect worshiping of Vishnu (noun.group)
:hare krishna, international society for krishna consciousness, iskcon,
definition:a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966; based on Vedic scriptures; groups engage in joyful chanting of `Hare Krishna' and other mantras based on the name of the Hindu god Krishna; devotees usually wear saffron robes and practice vegetarianism and celibacy (noun.group)
:hindoo, hindu,
definition:a person who adheres to Hinduism (noun.person)
:ceylon, democratic socialist republic of sri lanka, sri lanka,
definition:a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948 (noun.location)
:bangla desh, bangladesh, east pakistan, people's republic of bangladesh,
definition:a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south; formerly part of India and then part of Pakistan; it achieved independence in 1971 (noun.location)
:bharat, india, republic of india,
definition:a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 (noun.location)
:kingdom of nepal, nepal,
definition:a small landlocked Asian country high in the Himalayas between India and China (noun.location)

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