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Published byStanley Harmon Modified over 5 years ago

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Dimensional Analysis What happens when you divide a number by itself? What happens when you divide a unit by itself? In both cases, you get the number 1. Dimensional analysis involves multiplication and division. Focus on cancelation of UNITS Just another method of unit conversion

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First- learn the metric prefixes http://www.essex1.com/people/speer/large.ht ml http://www.essex1.com/people/speer/large.ht ml You should memorize: 3 base units or 1000 base units Kilo 1 x 10 3 base units or 1000 base units So 1 km = 1000 m Centi 1 x 10 -2 base units or 0.01 base units So 1 cm = 0.01 m OR 100 cm = 1 m Milli 1 x 10 -3 base units or 0.001 base units So 1 mm = 0.001 m OR 1000 mm = 1m Be able to use a chart for the others! On the chart, use 1 with the prefix. Use the other number with the base unit (L, m, g)

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Conversion factors To convert between units: Figure out what CONVERSION FACTOR you need to perform your calculation Conversion factors – take a definition and turn it into a fraction equal to one – for example: There are 12 inches in 1 foot 12 inches or 1 foot 1 foot 12 inches

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Examples of dimensional analysis Multiply across the top. Divide by whatever’s on the bottom

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Examples of dimensional analysis Convert 2.6 km to mm First- what is the desired unit? Answer- mm Second- how to we get from m to mm? We know that 1 km = 1000 m We know that 1 m = 1000 mm 2.6 km( 1000 m )(1000 mm) = 2600000 m 1 km 1 m

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Scientific Notation Why do we need to know this? It’s hard to work with numbers like this: 6,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 Or this 0.00000000000000000000876 What is scientific notation? Simplifying large or small numbers by converting them to a number between 1 and 10 multiplied by powers of 10

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Scientific Notation Powers of 10? 10 x 10 x 10 = 1000 or 10 3 10 -n = 1/10 n So 10 -3 = 1/10 3 = 1/1000 = 0.001

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Converting regular notation to Scientific Notation Always move the decimal so there is one number LEFT of the decimal If the original number is LARGER than 1 and the decimal is moved to the LEFT, use a positive exponent 1,567 = 1.567 x 10 3 If the original number is SMALLER than 1 and the decimal is moved to the RIGHT, use a negative exponent 0.0000045 = 4.5 x 10 -6

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Converting from scientific notation to regular notation Move the decimal the number of places indicated by the exponent. If the exponent is positive, your final number should be larger than 1 5.6 x 10 2 = 560 I f the exponent is negative, your final number should be smaller than 1 5.6 x 10 -2 = 0.056

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