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judaism

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1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud (noun.cognition)
:monotheism,
definition:belief in a single God (noun.cognition)
:orthodox judaism,
definition:beliefs and practices of a Judaic sect that strictly observes Mosaic law (noun.cognition)
:conservative judaism,
definition:beliefs and practices of Conservative Jews (noun.cognition)
:reform judaism,
definition:beliefs and practices of Reform Jews (noun.cognition)
:mitsvah, mitzvah,
definition:(Judaism) a good deed performed out of religious duty (noun.act)
:aliyah,
definition:(Judaism) immigration of Jews to Israel (noun.act)
:mikvah,
definition:(Hebrew) a ritual purification and cleansing bath that Orthodox Jews take on certain occasions (as before Sabbath or after menstruation) (noun.act)
:passover supper, seder,
definition:(Judaism) the ceremonial dinner on the first night (or both nights) of Passover (noun.act)
:ark, ark of the covenant,
definition:(Judaism) sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments (noun.artifact)
:holy of holies, sanctum sanctorum,
definition:(Judaism) sanctuary comprised of the innermost chamber of the Tabernacle in the temple of Solomon where the Ark of the Covenant was kept (noun.artifact)
:menorah,
definition:(Judaism) a candelabrum with nine branches; used during the Hanukkah festival (noun.artifact)
:menorah,
definition:(Judaism) a candelabrum with seven branches used in ceremonies to symbolize the seven days of Creation (noun.artifact)
:prayer shawl, tallis, tallith,
definition:(Judaism) a shawl with a ritually knotted fringe at each corner; worn by Jews at morning prayer (noun.artifact)
:synagogue, tabernacle, temple,
definition:(Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation (noun.artifact)
:tabernacle,
definition:(Judaism) a portable sanctuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant on their exodus (noun.artifact)
:cabala, cabbala, cabbalah, kabala, kabbala, kabbalah, qabbala, qabbalah,
definition:an esoteric theosophy of rabbinical origin based on the Hebrew scriptures and developed between the 7th and 18th centuries (noun.cognition)
:cabalism, kabbalism,
definition:the doctrines of the Kabbalah (noun.cognition)
:mitsvah, mitzvah,
definition:(Judaism) a precept or commandment of the Jewish law (noun.cognition)
:megillah,
definition:(Judaism) the scroll of parchment that contains the biblical story of Esther; traditionally read in synagogues to celebrate Purim (noun.communication)
:torah,
definition:(Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written; is used in a synagogue during services (noun.communication)
:talmudic literature,
definition:(Judaism) ancient rabbinical writings (noun.communication)
:aliyah,
definition:(Judaism) the honor of being called up to the reading desk in the synagogue to read from the Torah (noun.communication)
:midrash,
definition:(Judaism) an ancient commentary on part of the Hebrew scriptures that is based on Jewish methods of interpretation and attached to the biblical text (noun.communication)
:phylactery, tefillin,
definition:(Judaism) either of two small leather cases containing texts from the Hebrew Scriptures (known collectively as tefillin); traditionally worn (on the forehead and the left arm) by Jewish men during morning prayer (noun.communication)
:hallel,
definition:(Judaism) a chant of praise (Psalms 113 through 118) used at Passover and Shabuoth and Sukkoth and Hanukkah and Rosh Hodesh (noun.communication)
:bar mitzvah,
definition:(Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 13th birthday of a Jewish boy and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility (noun.event)
:bas mitzvah, bat mitzvah, bath mitzvah,
definition:(Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 12th birthday of a Jewish girl and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility (noun.event)
:blintz, blintze,
definition:(Judaism) thin pancake folded around a filling and fried or baked (noun.food)
:challah, hallah,
definition:(Judaism) a loaf of white bread containing eggs and leavened with yeast; often formed into braided loaves and glazed with eggs before baking (noun.food)
:jewish rye, jewish rye bread,
definition:(Judaism) bread made with rye flour; usually contains caraway seeds (noun.food)
:kishke, stuffed derma,
definition:(Judaism) roasted fowl intestines with a seasoned filling of matzo meal and suet (noun.food)
:dibbuk, dybbuk,
definition:(Jewish folklore) a demon that enters the body of a living person and controls that body's behavior (noun.person)
:cabalist, kabbalist,
definition:a student of the Jewish Kabbalah (noun.person)
:golem,
definition:(Jewish folklore) an artificially created human being that is given life by supernatural means (noun.person)
:sabbatarian,
definition:one who observes Saturday as the Sabbath (as in Judaism) (noun.person)
:feast of booths, feast of tabernacles, succos, succoth, sukkoth, tabernacles,
definition:a major Jewish festival beginning on the eve of the 15th of Tishri and commemorating the shelter of the Israelites during their 40 years in the wilderness (noun.time)
:hebrew calendar, jewish calendar,
definition:(Judaism) the calendar used by the Jews; dates from 3761 BC (the assumed date of the Creation of the world); a lunar year of 354 days is adjusted to the solar year by periodic leap years (noun.time)
:jewish new year, rosh hashana, rosh hashanah, rosh hashona, rosh hashonah,
definition:(Judaism) a solemn Jewish feast day celebrated on the 1st or 1st and 2nd of Tishri; noted for the blowing of the shofar (noun.time)
:rosh chodesh, rosh hodesh,
definition:(Judaism) the beginning of each month in the Jewish calendar; marked by a special liturgy (noun.time)
:day of atonement, yom kippur,
definition:(Judaism) a solemn and major fast day on the Jewish calendar; 10th of Tishri; its observance is one of the requirements of the Mosaic law (noun.time)
:feast of the unleavened bread, passover, pesach, pesah,
definition:(Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days from Nissan 15) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt (noun.time)
:purim,
definition:(Judaism) a Jewish holy day commemorating their deliverance from massacre by Haman (noun.time)
:feast of weeks, pentecost, shabuoth, shavous, shavuot, shavuoth,
definition:(Judaism) Jewish holy day celebrated on the sixth of Sivan to celebrate Moses receiving the Ten Commandments (noun.time)
:rejoicing in the law, rejoicing of the law, rejoicing over the law, shimchath torah, simchas torah, simchat torah, simhat torah, simhath torah,
definition:(Judaism) a Jewish holy day celebrated on the 22nd or 23rd of Tishri to celebrate the completion of the annual cycle of readings of the Torah (noun.time)
:fast of ab, fast of av, ninth of ab, ninth of av, tisha b'ab, tisha b'av, tishah b'ab, tishah b'av,
definition:(Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem (noun.time)
:fast of gedaliah,
definition:(Judaism) a minor fast day on Tishri 3 that commemorates the killing of the Jewish governor of Judah (noun.time)
:fast of tevet,
definition:(Judaism) a minor fast day on Tevet 10 commemorates the beginning of the siege of Jerusalem and has also been proclaimed a memorial day for the six million Jews who died in the Holocaust (noun.time)
:fast of esther,
definition:(Judaism) a minor fast day on Adar 13 commemorates three days that Esther fasted before approaching the Persian king on behalf of the Jewish people; the fast is connected with Purim (noun.time)
:fast of the firstborn,
definition:(Judaism) a minor fast day on Nissan 14 that is observed only by firstborn males; it is observed on the day before Passover (noun.time)
:fast of tammuz,
definition:(Judaism) a minor fast day on Tammuz 17 when the walls of Jerusalem were breached (noun.time)
:channukah, channukkah, chanukah, chanukkah, feast of dedication, feast of lights, feast of the dedication, festival of lights, hannukah, hanukah, hanukkah,
definition:(Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC (noun.time)
:lag b'omer,
definition:(Judaism) Jewish holy day; the 33rd day after the 2nd day of Passover; the 18th day of Iyar (noun.time)
:shibah, shiva, shivah,
definition:(Judaism) a period of seven days of mourning after the death of close relative (noun.time)
:cosher, kosher,
definition:conforming to dietary laws (adj.all)
:nonkosher, terefah, tref,
definition:not conforming to dietary laws (adj.all)
2. Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud (noun.group)
:faith, organized religion, religion,
definition:an institution to express belief in a divine power (noun.group)
:jewish orthodoxy, orthodox judaism,
definition:Jews who strictly observe the Mosaic law as interpreted in the Talmud (noun.group)
:conservative judaism,
definition:Jews who keep some of the requirements of the Mosaic law but allow for adaptation of other requirements (as some of the dietary laws) to fit modern circumstances (noun.group)
:reform judaism,
definition:the most liberal Jews; Jews who do not follow the Talmud strictly but try to adapt all of the historical forms of Judaism to the modern world (noun.group)
:jewry,
definition:Jews collectively (noun.group)
3. the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud (noun.cognition)
:judaic, judaical, judaic, judaical,
definition:of or relating to or characteristic of the Jews or their culture or religion (adj.pert)
:judaic, judaical, judaic, judaical,
definition:of or relating to or characteristic of the Jews or their culture or religion (adj.pert)

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