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1. a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oil (noun.location)
:balkan country, balkan nation, balkan state,
definition:any one of the countries on the Balkan Peninsula (noun.location)
definition:a region of ancient Greece on the north coast of the Peloponnese (noun.location)
:aegina, aigina,
definition:an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf (noun.location)
:chios, khios,
definition:an island in the Aegean Sea off the west coast of Turkey; belongs to Greece (noun.location)
:cyclades, kikladhes,
definition:a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean (noun.location)
:dhodhekanisos, dodecanese,
definition:a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea (noun.location)
definition:a small region of ancient Greece where the Doric dialect was spoken (noun.location)
:lesbos, lesvos, mytilene,
definition:an island of eastern Greece in the eastern Aegean Sea; in antiquity it was famous for lyric poetry (noun.location)
:rhodes, rodhos,
definition:a Greek island in the southeast Aegean Sea 10 miles off the Turkish coast; the largest of the Dodecanese; it was colonized before 1000 BC by Dorians from Argos; site of the Colossus of Rhodes (noun.location)
:crete, kriti,
definition:the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC (noun.location)
:ithaca, ithaki,
definition:a Greek island to the west of Greece; in Homeric legend Odysseus was its king (noun.location)
:athos, mount athos,
definition:an autonomous area in northeastern Greece that is the site of several Greek Orthodox monasteries founded in the tenth century (noun.location)
:athens, athinai, capital of greece, greek capital,
definition:the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess) (noun.location)
definition:an ancient town on a promontory in western Greece (noun.location)
definition:the territory of Athens in ancient Greece where the Ionic dialect was spoken (noun.location)
:corinth, korinthos,
definition:the modern Greek port near the site of the ancient city that was second only to Athens (noun.location)
definition:an ancient city in southeastern Greece; dominated the Peloponnese in the 7th century BC (noun.location)
definition:an ancient Greek city on the slopes of Mount Parnassus; site of the oracle of Delphi (noun.location)
definition:an ancient city is southern Greece; center of the Mycenaean civilization during the late Bronze Age (noun.location)
definition:an ancient area on the Ionian Sea that flourished as a kingdom in the 3rd century BC; located in northwestern Greece and southern Albania (noun.location)
definition:an ancient region of southern Greece in the southeastern Peloponnesus; dominated by Sparta (noun.location)
definition:a valley in southeastern Greece where the Nemean Games were held (noun.location)
definition:a district of ancient Greece to the northwest of Athens (noun.location)
:salonica, salonika, thessalonica, thessaloniki,
definition:a port city in northeastern Greece on an inlet of the Aegean Sea; second largest city of Greece (noun.location)
:stagira, stagirus,
definition:an ancient town of Greece where Aristotle was born (noun.location)
:thessalia, thessaly,
definition:a fertile plain on the Aegean Sea in east central Greece; Thessaly was a former region of ancient Greece (noun.location)
definition:a department of Greece in the central Peloponnese (noun.location)
:peloponnese, peloponnesian peninsula, peloponnesus,
definition:the southern peninsula of Greece; dominated by Sparta until the 4th century BC (noun.location)
:lemnos, limnos,
definition:a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea; famous for a reddish-brown clay that has medicinal properties (noun.location)
:mount olympus, mt. olympus, olimbos, olympus,
definition:a mountain peak in northeast Greece near the Aegean coast; believed by ancient Greeks to be the dwelling place of the gods (9,570 feet high) (noun.object)
:liakoura, mount parnassus, parnassus,
definition:(Greek mythology) a mountain in central Greece where (according to Greek mythology) the Muses lived; known as the mythological home of music and poetry (noun.object)
:gulf of aegina, saronic gulf,
definition:a gulf of the Aegean on the southeastern coast of Greece (noun.object)
definition:the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles (noun.object)
:greek, hellene,
definition:a native or inhabitant of Greece (noun.person)
definition:a native or resident of Greece (noun.person)
:common market, ec, eec, eu, europe, european community, european economic community, european union,
definition:an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members (
:nato, north atlantic treaty organization,
definition:an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security (
definition:the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC (noun.act)
definition:a battle in which Philip II of Macedon defeated the Athenians and Thebans (338 BC) and also Sulla defeated Mithridates (86 BC) (noun.act)
:battle of lepanto, lepanto,
definition:Turkish sea power was destroyed in 1571 by a league of Christian nations organized by the Pope (noun.act)
:battle of leuctra, leuctra,
definition:Thebes defeated Sparta in 371 BC; the battle ended Sparta's military supremacy in Greece (noun.act)
:mantinea, mantineia,
definition:the site of three famous battles among Greek city-states: in 418 BC and 362 BC and 207 BC (noun.act)
:battle of marathon, marathon,
definition:a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians (noun.act)
:battle of navarino, navarino,
definition:a decisive naval battle in the War of Greek Independence (1827); the Turkish and Egyptian fleet was defeated by an allied fleet of British and French and Russian warships (noun.act)
:battle of pharsalus, pharsalus,
definition:Caesar defeated Pompey in 48 BC (noun.act)
:battle of thermopylae, thermopylae,
definition:a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece (noun.act)
:balkan wars,
definition:two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe (noun.act)
:bay wreath, laurel, laurel wreath,
definition:(antiquity) a wreath of laurel foliage worn on the head as an emblem of victory (noun.artifact)
definition:(antiquity) a temple to all the gods (noun.artifact)
:trojan horse, wooden horse,
definition:a large hollow wooden figure of a horse (filled with Greek soldiers) left by the Greeks outside Troy during the Trojan War (noun.artifact)
:hybrid, loan-blend, loanblend,
definition:a word that is composed of parts from different languages (e.g., `monolingual' has a Greek prefix and a Latin root) (noun.communication)
definition:(ancient Greece) a passionate hymn (usually in honor of Dionysus) (noun.communication)
:greek, hellenic, hellenic language,
definition:the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages (noun.communication)
:paean, pean,
definition:(ancient Greece) a hymn of praise (especially one sung in ancient Greece to invoke or thank a deity) (noun.communication)
:torch race,
definition:(ancient Greece) in which a torch is passed from one runner to the next (noun.event)
:souvlaki, souvlakia,
definition:made of lamb (
:17 november, revolutionary organization 17 november,
definition:a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Greece that is violently opposed to imperialism and capitalism and NATO and the United States; an active terrorist group during the 1980s (
:ela, revolutionary people's struggle,
definition:an extreme leftist terrorist group formed in Greece in 1971 to oppose the military junta that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974; a revolutionary group opposed to capitalism and imperialism and the United States (
definition:(Greek legend) the greedy king of Phrygia who Dionysus gave the power to turn everything he touched into gold (noun.person)
definition:(Greek legend) a king in ancient Greece who offended Zeus and whose punishment was to roll a huge boulder to the top of a steep hill; each time the boulder neared the top it rolled back down and Sisyphus was forced to start again (noun.person)
:cacodaemon, cacodemon,
definition:an evil spirit (noun.person)
:eudaemon, eudemon, good spirit,
definition:a benevolent spirit (noun.person)
definition:(classical mythology) god of wine; equivalent of Dionysus (noun.person)
definition:(ancient Greece) leader of a group or festival; leader of a chorus (noun.person)
definition:(ancient Rome) a woman who was regarded as an oracle or prophet (noun.person)
:optative, optative mood,
definition:a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs (noun.linkdef)
2. ancient Greece; a country of city-states (especially Athens and Sparta) that reached its peak in the fifth century BCE (noun.location)
:balkan country, balkan nation, balkan state,
definition:any one of the countries on the Balkan Peninsula (noun.location)

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