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desoxyribonucleic acid

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1. (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information (noun.substance)
:polymer,
definition:a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers (noun.substance)
:operon,
definition:a segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene (noun.body)
:cdna, complementary dna,
definition:single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase (noun.substance)
:episome,
definition:DNA that is not incorporated into the genome but is replicated together with the genome (especially in bacterial cells) (noun.substance)
:coding dna, exon,
definition:sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures (noun.substance)
:intron, noncoding dna,
definition:sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein (noun.substance)
:junk dna,
definition:stretches of DNA that do not code for genes (noun.substance)
:recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid, recombinant dna,
definition:genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms (noun.substance)
:sticky end,
definition:an end of DNA in which one strand of the double helix extends a few units beyond the other (noun.substance)
:jumping gene, transposon,
definition:a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole) (noun.substance)
:cistron, factor, gene,
definition:(genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity (noun.body)
:base pair,
definition:one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA (noun.substance)
:nucleic acid,
definition:(biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells (noun.substance)
:a, adenine,
definition:(biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA (noun.substance)
:c, cytosine,
definition:a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine (noun.substance)
:g, guanine,
definition:a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine (noun.substance)
:t, thymine,
definition:a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine (noun.substance)
:biochemistry,
definition:the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry (noun.cognition)

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