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1. a scientist trained in physics (noun.person)
definition:a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences (noun.person)
definition:a physicist who specializes in acoustics (noun.person)
:astronomer, stargazer, uranologist,
definition:a physicist who studies astronomy (noun.person)
definition:a physicist who applies the methods of physics to biology (noun.person)
:nuclear physicist,
definition:a physicist who specializes in nuclear physics (noun.person)
:charles hard townes, charles townes, townes,
definition:United States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-) (noun.person)
:al-hasan ibn al-haytham, al-haytham, alhacen, alhazen, ibn al-haytham,
definition:an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040) (noun.person)
:anderson, phil anderson, philip anderson, philip warren anderson,
definition:United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-) (noun.person)
:appleton, edward appleton, sir edward victor appleton,
definition:English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966) (noun.person)
definition:Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC) (noun.person)
:arrhenius, svante august arrhenius,
definition:Swedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927) (noun.person)
:amedeo avogadro, avogadro,
definition:Italian physicist noted for his work on gases; proposed what has come to be called Avogadro's law (1776-1856) (noun.person)
:bardeen, john bardeen,
definition:United States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991) (noun.person)
:antoine henri becquerel, becquerel, henri becquerel,
definition:French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908) (noun.person)
:bernoulli, daniel bernoulli,
definition:Swiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782) (noun.person)
:boltzmann, ludwig boltzmann,
definition:Austrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906) (noun.person)
:bertram brockhouse, brockhouse,
definition:Canadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918-2003) (noun.person)
:carnot, nicolas leonard sadi carnot, sadi carnot,
definition:French physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832) (noun.person)
:cavendish, henry cavendish,
definition:British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810) (noun.person)
:charles, jacques alexandre cesar charles, jacques charles,
definition:French physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823) (noun.person)
:charles augustin de coulomb, coulomb,
definition:French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806) (noun.person)
:crookes, sir william crookes, william crookes,
definition:English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919) (noun.person)
:curie, pierre curie,
definition:French physicist; husband of Marie Curie (1859-1906) (noun.person)
:dalton, john dalton,
definition:English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844) (noun.person)
:dewar, sir james dewar,
definition:Scottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923) (noun.person)
:christian johann doppler, doppler,
definition:Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853) (noun.person)
:albert einstein, einstein,
definition:physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity; Einstein also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy (later called photons) (1879-1955) (noun.person)
:esaki, leo esaki,
definition:physicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925) (noun.person)
:fahrenheit, gabriel daniel fahrenheit,
definition:German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736) (noun.person)
:faraday, michael faraday,
definition:the English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867) (noun.person)
:fechner, gustav theodor fechner,
definition:German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887) (noun.person)
:foucault, jean bernard leon foucault,
definition:French physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air; invented the Foucault pendulum and the gyroscope (1819-1868) (noun.person)
:baron jean baptiste joseph fourier, fourier, jean baptiste joseph fourier,
definition:French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (1768-1830) (noun.person)
:franck, james franck,
definition:United States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964) (noun.person)
:augustin jean fresnel, fresnel,
definition:French physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827) (noun.person)
:emil klaus julius fuchs, fuchs, klaus fuchs,
definition:British physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution; in the 1940s he passed secret information to the USSR about the development of the atom bomb in the United States (1911-1988) (noun.person)
:dennis gabor, gabor,
definition:British physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979) (noun.person)
:gamow, george gamow,
definition:United States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968) (noun.person)
:gay-lussac, joseph louis gay-lussac,
definition:French chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850) (noun.person)
:geiger, hans geiger,
definition:German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945) (noun.person)
:gilbert, william gilbert,
definition:English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603) (noun.person)
:goddard, robert hutchings goddard,
definition:United States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945) (noun.person)
:hawking, stephen hawking, stephen william hawking,
definition:English theoretical physicist (born in 1942) (noun.person)
:heaviside, oliver heaviside,
definition:English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925) (noun.person)
:baron hermann ludwig ferdinand von helmholtz, helmholtz, hermann ludwig ferdinand von helmholtz, hermann von helmholtz,
definition:German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894) (noun.person)
:henry, joseph henry,
definition:United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878) (noun.person)
:heinrich hertz, heinrich rudolph hertz, hertz,
definition:German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894) (noun.person)
:hess, victor franz hess, victor hess,
definition:United States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964) (noun.person)
:christiaan huygens, christian huygens, huygens,
definition:Dutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695) (noun.person)
:jean-frederic joliot, jean-frederic joliot-curie, joliot, joliot-curie,
definition:French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958) (noun.person)
:irene joliot-curie, joliot-curie,
definition:French physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956) (noun.person)
:james prescott joule, joule,
definition:English physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889) (noun.person)
:alfred kastler, kastler,
definition:French physicist (1902-1984) (noun.person)
:first baron kelvin, kelvin, william thompson,
definition:British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907) (noun.person)
:g. r. kirchhoff, gustav robert kirchhoff, kirchhoff,
definition:German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887) (noun.person)
:landau, lev davidovich landau,
definition:Soviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968) (noun.person)
:lenard, philipp lenard,
definition:German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947) (noun.person)
:gabriel lippmann, lippmann,
definition:French physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921) (noun.person)
:lodge, sir oliver joseph lodge, sir oliver lodge,
definition:English physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940) (noun.person)
:hendrik antoon lorentz, lorentz,
definition:Dutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928) (noun.person)
:ernst mach, mach,
definition:Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916) (noun.person)
:j. c. maxwell, james clerk maxwell, maxwell,
definition:Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879) (noun.person)
:fritz w. meissner, meissner,
definition:German physicist (1882-1974) (noun.person)
:a. a. michelson, albert abraham michelson, albert michelson, michelson,
definition:United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931) (noun.person)
:millikan, robert andrews millikan,
definition:United States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953) (noun.person)
:louis eugene felix neel, neel,
definition:French physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904) (noun.person)
:nernst, walther hermann nernst,
definition:German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941) (noun.person)
:isaac newton, newton, sir isaac newton,
definition:English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727) (noun.person)
:hans christian oersted, oersted,
definition:Danish physicist (1777-1851) (noun.person)
:georg simon ohm, ohm,
definition:German physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854) (noun.person)
:henri pitot, pitot,
definition:French physicist for whom the Pitot tube was named (1695-1771) (noun.person)
:max karl ernst ludwig planck, max planck, planck,
definition:German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947) (noun.person)
:cecil frank powell, powell,
definition:English physicist who discovered the pion (the first known meson) which is a subatomic particle involved in holding the nucleus together (1903-1969) (noun.person)
:aleksandr mikjailovich prokhorov, aleksandr prokhorov, prokhorov,
definition:Russian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high-intensity radiation (1916-2002) (noun.person)
:john william strutt, lord rayleigh, rayleigh, third baron rayleigh,
definition:English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919) (noun.person)
:reaumur, rene antoine ferchault de reaumur,
definition:French physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757) (noun.person)
:roentgen, rontgen, wilhelm konrad roentgen, wilhelm konrad rontgen,
definition:German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923) (noun.person)
:ernest rutherford, first baron rutherford, first baron rutherford of nelson, rutherford,
definition:British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937) (noun.person)
:shockley, william bradford shockley, william shockley,
definition:United States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989) (noun.person)
:benjamin thompson, count rumford, thompson,
definition:English physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction; experiments convinced him that heat is caused by moving particles (1753-1814) (noun.person)
:joseph john thomson, sir joseph john thomson, thomson,
definition:English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940) (noun.person)
:george paget thomson, sir george paget thomson, thomson,
definition:English physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975) (noun.person)
:evangelista torricelli, torricelli,
definition:Italian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647) (noun.person)
:john tyndall, tyndall,
definition:British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893) (noun.person)
:james alfred van allen, van allen,
definition:United States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914) (noun.person)
:robert jemison van de graaff, robert van de graaff, van de graaff,
definition:United States physicist (1901-1967) (noun.person)
:johannes diderik van der waals, johannes van der waals, van der waals,
definition:Dutch physicist (1837-1923) (noun.person)
:john hasbrouck van vleck, john van vleck, van vleck,
definition:United States physicist (1899-1980) (noun.person)
:conte alessandro giuseppe antonio anastasio volta, conte alessandro volta, count alessandro volta, volta,
definition:Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827) (noun.person)
:weber, wilhelm eduard weber,
definition:German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891) (noun.person)
:steven weinberg, weinberg,
definition:United States theoretical physicist (born in 1933) (noun.person)
:sir charles wheatstone, wheatstone,
definition:English physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802-1875) (noun.person)
:robert woodrow wilson, wilson,
definition:United States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918) (noun.person)
:william hyde wollaston, wollaston,
definition:English chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828) (noun.person)
:chen n. yang, yang chen ning,
definition:United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922) (noun.person)
:thomas young, young,
definition:British physicist and Egyptologist; he revived the wave theory of light and proposed a three-component theory of color vision; he also played an important role in deciphering the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone (1773-1829) (noun.person)
:pieter zeeman, zeeman,
definition:Dutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943) (noun.person)
:vladimir kosma zworykin, zworykin,
definition:United States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982) (noun.person)
:natural philosophy, physics,
definition:the science of matter and energy and their interactions (noun.cognition)
:natural philosophy, physics,
definition:the science of matter and energy and their interactions (noun.cognition)
:natural philosophy, physics,
definition:the science of matter and energy and their interactions (noun.cognition)

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