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italy

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1. a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD (noun.location)
:european country, european nation,
definition:any one of the countries occupying the European continent (noun.location)
:appian way,
definition:an ancient Roman road in Italy extending south from Rome to Brindisi; begun in 312 BC (noun.artifact)
:flaminian way,
definition:an ancient Roman road in Italy built by Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC; extends north from Rome to cisalpine Gaul (noun.artifact)
:italian peninsula,
definition:a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea (noun.location)
:pompeii,
definition:ancient city to the southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius (noun.location)
:herculaneum,
definition:ancient city; now destroyed (noun.location)
:abruzzi, abruzzi e molise,
definition:a mountainous region of central Italy on the Adriatic (noun.location)
:basilicata, lucania,
definition:a region of southern Italy (forming the instep of the Italian `boot') (noun.location)
:bolzano,
definition:an Italian city in Trentino-Alto Adige near the Austrian border; noted as a resort and for its Alpine scenery (noun.location)
:brescia,
definition:an ancient Italian city in central Lombardy (noun.location)
:calabria,
definition:a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian `boot') (noun.location)
:campania,
definition:a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia (noun.location)
:ferrara,
definition:a city in northern Italy (noun.location)
:emilia-romagna,
definition:a region of north central Italy on the Adriatic (noun.location)
:friuli-venezia giulia,
definition:a region in northeastern Italy (noun.location)
:latium, lazio,
definition:an ancient region of west central Italy (southeast of Rome) on the Tyrrhenian Sea (noun.location)
:capital of italy, eternal city, italian capital, roma, rome,
definition:capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire (noun.location)
:anzio,
definition:a town of central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Allies established a beachhead at Anzio in World War II (noun.location)
:brindisi,
definition:a port city in southeastern Apulia in Italy; a center for the Crusades in the Middle Ages (noun.location)
:tibur, tivoli,
definition:a town twenty miles to the east of Rome (Tibur is the ancient name); a summer resort during the Roman empire; noted for its waterfalls (noun.location)
:liguria,
definition:region of northwestern Italy on the Ligurian Sea (noun.location)
:lombardia, lombardy,
definition:a region of north central Italy bordering Switzerland (noun.location)
:marche, marches,
definition:a region in central Italy (noun.location)
:molise,
definition:a region of south central Italy (noun.location)
:papal states,
definition:the temporal dominions belonging to the pope (especially in central Italy) (noun.location)
:piedmont, piemonte,
definition:the region of northwestern Italy; includes the Po valley (noun.location)
:apulia, puglia,
definition:a region in southeastern Italy on the Adriatic (noun.location)
:sardegna, sardinia,
definition:the Italian region on the island of Sardinia; the kingdom of Sardinia was the nucleus for uniting Italy during the 19th century (noun.location)
:sicilia, sicily,
definition:the Italian region on the island of Sicily (noun.location)
:toscana, tuscany,
definition:a region in central Italy (noun.location)
:trentino-alto adige,
definition:a region of northeastern Italy bordering Austria (noun.location)
:umbria,
definition:a mountainous region in central Italy (noun.location)
:valle d'aosta,
definition:a region in northwestern Italy (noun.location)
:venetia, veneto, venezia-euganea,
definition:a region of northeastern Italy on the Adriatic (noun.location)
:etruria,
definition:an ancient country in central Italy; assimilated by the Romans by about 200 BC (noun.location)
:tirol, tyrol,
definition:a picturesque mountainous province of western Austria and northern Italy (noun.location)
:riviera,
definition:a coastal area between La Spezia in Italy and Cannes in France (noun.location)
:savoy,
definition:a geographical region of historical importance; a former duchy in what is now southwestern France, western Switzerland, and northwestern Italy (noun.location)
:mount vesuvius, mt. vesuvius, vesuvius,
definition:a volcano in southwestern Italy on the Mediterranean coast; a Plinian eruption in 79 AD buried Pompeii and killed Pliny the Elder; last erupted in 1944 (noun.location)
:adige, river adige,
definition:a river in northern Italy that flows southeast into the Adriatic Sea (noun.object)
:alps, the alps,
definition:a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction (noun.object)
:apennines,
definition:a mountain range extending the length of the Italian peninsula (noun.object)
:arno, arno river, river arno,
definition:a river in central Italy rising in the Apennines and flowing through Florence and Pisa to the Ligurian Sea (noun.object)
:bay of naples,
definition:an arm of the Tyrrhenian Sea at Naples (noun.object)
:brenner pass,
definition:an Alpine mountain pass connecting Innsbruck in Austria with Bolzano in Italy that has long been a route for trade and for invasions (noun.object)
:dolomite alps,
definition:an eastern range of the Alps in northeastern Italy famous for their dolomitic limestone (noun.object)
:matterhorn,
definition:a mountain in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy (14,780 feet high); noted for its distinctive shape (noun.object)
:mont blanc, monte bianco,
definition:the highest mountain peak in the Alps; on the border between France and Italy to the south of Geneva (15,781 feet high) (noun.object)
:po, po river,
definition:a European river; flows into the Adriatic Sea (noun.object)
:tyrolean alps,
definition:a popular tourist area in the Tyrol (noun.object)
:europe,
definition:the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles (noun.object)
:italian,
definition:a native or inhabitant of Italy (noun.person)
:sabine,
definition:a member of an ancient Oscan-speaking people of the central Apennines north of Rome who were conquered and assimilated into the Roman state in 290 BC (noun.person)
:common market, ec, eec, eu, europe, european community, european economic community, european union,
definition:an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members (noun.group)
:nato, north atlantic treaty organization,
definition:an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security (noun.group)
:cannae,
definition:ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC (noun.act)
:battle of caporetto, caporetto,
definition:battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces (noun.act)
:battle of lake trasimenus, lake trasimenus,
definition:a battle in 217 BC in which Hannibal ambushed a Roman army led by Flaminius (noun.act)
:battle of magenta, magenta,
definition:a battle in 1859 in which the French and Sardinian forces under Napoleon III defeated the Austrians under Francis Joseph I (noun.act)
:marengo,
definition:a battle in 1800 in which the French under Napoleon Bonaparte won a great victory over the Austrians (noun.act)
:metaurus river,
definition:a battle during the second Punic War (207 BC); Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal was defeated by the Romans which ended Hannibal's hopes for success in Italy (noun.act)
:battle of ravenna, ravenna,
definition:a battle between the French and an alliance of Spaniards and Swiss and Venetians in 1512 (noun.act)
:salerno,
definition:a battle in World War II; the port was captured by United States troops in September 1943 (noun.act)
:battle of solferino, solferino,
definition:an indecisive battle in 1859 between the French and Sardinians under Napoleon III and the Austrians under Francis Joseph I (noun.act)
:battle of trasimeno, trasimeno,
definition:a battle in central Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans under Flaminius in 217 BC (noun.act)
:spaghetti western,
definition:a low-budget Western movie produced by a European (especially an Italian) film company (noun.communication)
:aloha, ciao,
definition:an acknowledgment that can be used to say hello or goodbye (aloha is Hawaiian and ciao is Italian) (noun.communication)
:italian,
definition:the Romance language spoken in Italy (noun.communication)
:grissino,
definition:a long slender crusty breadstick (noun.food)
:polenta,
definition:a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water (noun.food)
:calamari, calamary, squid,
definition:(Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food (noun.food)
:br, brigate rosse, red brigades,
definition:a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989 (noun.group)
:nipr, revolutionary proletarian initiative nuclei, revolutionary proletarian nucleus,
definition:a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002 (noun.group)
:commune,
definition:the smallest administrative district of several European countries (noun.location)
:basilicata, lucania,
definition:a region of southern Italy (forming the instep of the Italian `boot') (noun.location)
:calabria,
definition:a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian `boot') (noun.location)
:al dente,
definition:of pasta cooked so as to be firm when eaten (adj.all)
:italian,
definition:of or pertaining to or characteristic of Italy or its people or culture or language (adj.pert)
:italian,
definition:of or pertaining to or characteristic of Italy or its people or culture or language (adj.pert)

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