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iraq

English Thesaurus

1. a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq (noun.location)
:asian country, asian nation,
definition:any one of the nations occupying the Asian continent (noun.location)
:bagdad, baghdad, capital of iraq,
definition:capital and largest city of Iraq; located on the Tigris River (noun.location)
:basia, basra,
definition:the second largest city in Iraq; an oil port in southern Iraq (noun.location)
:karbala, kerbala, kerbela,
definition:a city of central Iraq to the south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed's grandson who was killed there in 680 (noun.location)
:kirkuk,
definition:a city in northeastern Iraq; the center of a rich oilfield with pipelines to the Mediterranean (noun.location)
:mosul,
definition:a city in northern Iraq on the Tigris across from the ruins of Nineveh (noun.location)
:mesopotamia,
definition:the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq (noun.location)
:babylonia, chaldaea, chaldea,
definition:an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king) (noun.location)
:chaldaea, chaldea,
definition:an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II (noun.location)
:sumer,
definition:an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC (noun.location)
:assyria,
definition:an ancient kingdom in northern Mesopotamia which is in present-day Iraq (noun.location)
:ashur, assur, asur,
definition:an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris and traditional capital of Assyria; just to the south of the modern city of Mosul in Iraq (noun.location)
:nineveh,
definition:an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris across from the modern city of Mosul in the northern part of what is now known as Iraq (noun.location)
:kurdistan,
definition:an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus (noun.location)
:iraqi kurdistan,
definition:the part of Kurdistan that is in northwestern Iraq (noun.location)
:syrian desert,
definition:a desert of northern Arabia occupying western Iraq, southern Syria, eastern Jordan, and northern Saudi Arabia (noun.location)
:euphrates, euphrates river,
definition:a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia (noun.object)
:tigris, tigris river,
definition:an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River (noun.object)
:middle east, mideast, near east,
definition:the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century (noun.location)
:gulf states,
definition:the countries in southwestern Asia that border the Persian Gulf (noun.location)
:asia,
definition:the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations (noun.object)
:iraki, iraqi,
definition:a native or inhabitant of Iraq (noun.person)
:arab league,
definition:an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation (noun.group)
:opec, organization of petroleum-exporting countries,
definition:an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum (noun.group)
:assyrian, assyrian neo-aramaic,
definition:the language of modern Iraq (noun.communication)
:ansar al islam, ansar al-islam, supporters of islam,
definition:a radical Islamic group of terrorists in the Iraqi part of Kurdistan who oppose an independent secular nation as advocated by the United States; some members fought with the Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan; said to receive financial support from Saddam Hussein (noun.group)
:abu nidal organization, ano, arab revolutionary brigades, black september, fatah revolutionary council, fatah-rc, revolutionary organization of socialist muslims,
definition:a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries (noun.group)
:iis, iraqi intelligence service, iraqi mukhabarat,
definition:the most notorious and possibly the most important arm of Iraq's security system (noun.group)
:republican guard,
definition:formerly Iraq's elite military unit whose primary role was to protect the government in Baghdad (noun.group)
:akhbari,
definition:a religious movement by Arab Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iraq that is opposed to the Usuli (noun.group)

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