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computer science

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1. the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures (noun.cognition)
:applied science, engineering, engineering science, technology,
definition:the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems (noun.cognition)
:object,
definition:(computing) a discrete item that provides a description of virtually anything known to a computer (noun.cognition)
:ai, artificial intelligence,
definition:the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively (noun.cognition)
:informatics, information processing, information science, ip,
definition:the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information (noun.cognition)
:computer, computing device, computing machine, data processor, electronic computer, information processing system,
definition:a machine for performing calculations automatically (noun.artifact)
:allocation, storage allocation,
definition:(computer science) the assignment of particular areas of a magnetic disk to particular data or instructions (noun.act)
:data encryption,
definition:(computer science) the encryption of data for security purposes (noun.act)
:desktop publishing,
definition:(computer science) the use of microcomputers with graphics capacity to produce printed materials (noun.act)
:access, memory access,
definition:(computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information (noun.artifact)
:accumulator, accumulator register,
definition:(computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register (noun.artifact)
:background, desktop, screen background,
definition:(computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear (noun.artifact)
:backup, computer backup,
definition:(computer science) a copy of a file or directory on a separate storage device (noun.artifact)
:buffer, buffer storage, buffer store,
definition:(computer science) a part of RAM used for temporary storage of data that is waiting to be sent to a device; used to compensate for differences in the rate of flow of data between components of a computer system (noun.artifact)
:bbs, bulletin board, bulletin board system, electronic bulletin board,
definition:a computer that is running software that allows users to leave messages and access information of general interest (noun.artifact)
:cache, memory cache,
definition:(computer science) RAM memory that is set aside as a specialized buffer storage that is continually updated; used to optimize data transfers between system elements with different characteristics (noun.artifact)
:c.p.u., central processing unit, central processor, cpu, mainframe, processor,
definition:(computer science) the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing (noun.artifact)
:computer, computing device, computing machine, data processor, electronic computer, information processing system,
definition:a machine for performing calculations automatically (noun.artifact)
:computer circuit,
definition:a circuit that is part of a computer (noun.artifact)
:computer network,
definition:(computer science) a network of computers (noun.artifact)
:command key, control key,
definition:(computer science) the key on a computer keyboard that is used (in combination with some other key) to type control characters (noun.artifact)
:core, magnetic core,
definition:(computer science) a tiny ferrite toroid formerly used in a random access memory to store one bit of data; now superseded by semiconductor memories (noun.artifact)
:counter,
definition:(computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers) (noun.artifact)
:cursor, pointer,
definition:(computer science) indicator consisting of a movable spot of light (an icon) on a visual display; moving it allows the user to point to commands or screen positions (noun.artifact)
:dedicated file server,
definition:(computer science) a file server that can be used only as a file server (noun.artifact)
:dialog box, panel,
definition:(computer science) a small temporary window in a graphical user interface that appears in order to request information from the user; after the information has been provided the user dismisses the box with `okay' or `cancel' (noun.artifact)
:dip switch, dual inline package switch,
definition:(computer science) one of a set of small on-off switches mounted in computer hardware; used in place of jumpers to configure the machine for a user (noun.artifact)
:disk controller,
definition:(computer science) a circuit or chip that translates commands into a form that can control a hard disk drive (noun.artifact)
:disc drive, disk drive, hard drive, winchester drive,
definition:computer hardware that holds and spins a magnetic or optical disk and reads and writes information on it (noun.artifact)
:display adapter, display adaptor,
definition:(computer science) an electronic device that converts information in memory to video output to a display (noun.artifact)
:dongle,
definition:(computer science) an electronic device that must be attached to a computer in order for it to use protected software (noun.artifact)
:drive,
definition:(computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium (noun.artifact)
:eprom, erasable programmable read-only memory,
definition:(computer science) a read-only memory chip that can be erased by ultraviolet light and programmed again with new data (noun.artifact)
:file server,
definition:(computer science) a digital computer that provides workstations on a network with controlled access to shared resources (noun.artifact)
:firewall,
definition:(computing) a security system consisting of a combination of hardware and software that limits the exposure of a computer or computer network to attack from crackers; commonly used on local area networks that are connected to the internet (noun.artifact)
:foreground,
definition:(computer science) a window for an active application (noun.artifact)
:computer hardware, hardware,
definition:(computer science) the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components making up a computer system (noun.artifact)
:index register,
definition:(computer science) a register used to determine the address of an operand (noun.artifact)
:interface, port,
definition:(computer science) computer circuit consisting of the hardware and associated circuitry that links one device with another (especially a computer and a hard disk drive or other peripherals) (noun.artifact)
:electronic stylus, light pen,
definition:(computer science) a pointer that when pointed at a computer display senses whether or not the spot is illuminated (noun.artifact)
:core memory, magnetic core memory,
definition:(computer science) a computer memory consisting of an array of magnetic cores; now superseded by semiconductor memories (noun.artifact)
:disc, disk, magnetic disc, magnetic disk,
definition:(computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored (noun.artifact)
:client, guest, node,
definition:(computer science) any computer that is hooked up to a computer network (noun.artifact)
:non-dedicated file server,
definition:(computer science) a file server that can be used simultaneously as a workstation (noun.artifact)
:computer peripheral, peripheral, peripheral device,
definition:(computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer (noun.artifact)
:pel, picture element, pixel,
definition:(computer science) the smallest discrete component of an image or picture on a CRT screen (usually a colored dot) (noun.artifact)
:printer,
definition:(computer science) an output device that prints the results of data processing (noun.artifact)
:ram disk,
definition:(computer science) a virtual drive that is created by setting aside part of the random-access memory to use as if it were a group of sectors (noun.artifact)
:fixed storage, read-only memory, read-only storage, rom,
definition:(computer science) memory whose contents can be accessed and read but cannot be changed (noun.artifact)
:head, read/write head,
definition:(computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk (noun.artifact)
:register,
definition:(computer science) memory device that is the part of computer memory that has a specific address and that is used to hold information of a specific kind (noun.artifact)
:positioner, rotary actuator,
definition:(computer science) the actuator that moves a read/write head to the proper data track (noun.artifact)
:router,
definition:(computer science) a device that forwards data packets between computer networks (noun.artifact)
:screen saver,
definition:(computer science) a moving design that appears on a computer screen when there has been no input for a specified period of time (noun.artifact)
:security system,
definition:(computing) a system that enforces boundaries between computer networks (noun.artifact)
:host, server,
definition:(computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network (noun.artifact)
:shift register,
definition:(computer science) register in which all bits can be shifted one or more positions to the left or to the right (noun.artifact)
:data track, track,
definition:(computer science) one of the circular magnetic paths on a magnetic disk that serve as a guide for writing and reading data (noun.artifact)
:virtual memory, virtual storage,
definition:(computer science) memory created by using the hard disk to simulate additional random-access memory; the addressable storage space available to the user of a computer system in which virtual addresses are mapped into real addresses (noun.artifact)
:window,
definition:(computer science) a rectangular part of a computer screen that contains a display different from the rest of the screen (noun.artifact)
:architecture, computer architecture,
definition:(computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software (noun.attribute)
:cisc, complex instruction set computer, complex instruction set computing,
definition:(computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip (noun.attribute)
:reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing, risc,
definition:(computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a relatively small set of computer instructions that it can perform (noun.attribute)
:dithered color, dithered colour, nonsolid color, nonsolid colour,
definition:a color produced by a pattern of differently colored dots that together simulate the desired color (noun.attribute)
:execution speed,
definition:(computer science) the speed with which a computational device can execute instructions; measured in MIPS (noun.attribute)
:bits per inch, bpi,
definition:a measure of how densely information is packed on a storage medium (noun.attribute)
:interoperability,
definition:(computer science) the ability to exchange and use information (usually in a large heterogeneous network made up of several local area networks) (noun.attribute)
:emulation,
definition:(computer science) technique of one machine obtaining the same results as another (noun.cognition)
:terminal emulation,
definition:(computer science) having a computer act exactly like a terminal (noun.cognition)
:computer simulation, simulation,
definition:(computer science) the technique of representing the real world by a computer program (noun.cognition)
:descriptor,
definition:a piece of stored information that is used to identify an item in an information storage and retrieval system (noun.cognition)
:information theory,
definition:(computer science) a statistical theory dealing with the limits and efficiency of information processing (noun.cognition)
:logic,
definition:the system of operations performed by a computer that underlies the machine's representation of logical operations (noun.cognition)
:ontology,
definition:(computer science) a rigorous and exhaustive organization of some knowledge domain that is usually hierarchical and contains all the relevant entities and their relations (noun.cognition)
:video,
definition:(computer science) the appearance of text and graphics on a video display (noun.communication)
:e-mail, electronic mail, email,
definition:(computer science) a system of world-wide electronic communication in which a computer user can compose a message at one terminal that can be regenerated at the recipient's terminal when the recipient logs in (noun.communication)
:command prompt, prompt,
definition:(computer science) a symbol that appears on the computer screen to indicate that the computer is ready to receive a command (noun.communication)
:computer file name, computer filename, file name, filename,
definition:(computer science) the name given to a computer file in order to distinguish it from other files; may contain an extension that indicates the type of file (noun.communication)
:code, computer code,
definition:(computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions (noun.communication)
:argument, parameter,
definition:(computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program (noun.communication)
:address, computer address, reference,
definition:(computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored (noun.communication)
:american standard code for information interchange, ascii,
definition:(computer science) a code for information exchange between computers made by different companies; a string of 7 binary digits represents each character; used in most microcomputers (noun.communication)
:ascii character set,
definition:(computer science) 128 characters that make up the ASCII coding scheme (noun.communication)
:firmware, microcode,
definition:(computer science) coded instructions that are stored permanently in read-only memory (noun.communication)
:core dump,
definition:(computer science) dump of the contents of the chief registers in the CPU; usually used for debugging (noun.communication)
:dump,
definition:(computer science) a copy of the contents of a computer storage device; sometimes used in debugging programs (noun.communication)
:soft copy,
definition:(computer science) matter that is in a form that a computer can store or display it on a computer screen (noun.communication)
:hard copy,
definition:(computer science) matter that is held in a computer and is typed or printed on paper (noun.communication)
:directory,
definition:(computer science) a listing of the files stored in memory (usually on a hard disk) (noun.communication)
:subdirectory,
definition:(computer science) a directory that is listed in another directory (noun.communication)
:computer menu, menu,
definition:(computer science) a list of options available to a computer user (noun.communication)
:cascading menu, hierarchical menu, submenu,
definition:a secondary menu that appears while you are holding the cursor over an item on the primary menu (noun.communication)
:computer file,
definition:(computer science) a file maintained in computer-readable form (noun.communication)
:backup file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file dedicated to storing and updating computer backups (noun.communication)
:binary file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file containing machine-readable information that must be read by an application; characters use all 8 bits of each byte (noun.communication)
:main file, master file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file that is used as the authority in a given job and that is relatively permanent (noun.communication)
:disk file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file stored on a magnetic disk and identified by a unique label (noun.communication)
:detail file, transaction file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file containing relatively transient data about a particular data processing task (noun.communication)
:input data, input file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file that contains data that serve as input to a device or program (noun.communication)
:output file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file that contains data that are the output of a device or program (noun.communication)
:read-only file,
definition:(computer science) a file that you can read but cannot change (noun.communication)
:document, text file,
definition:(computer science) a computer file that contains text (and possibly formatting instructions) using seven-bit ASCII characters (noun.communication)
:computer software, package, software, software package, software program, software system,
definition:(computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory (noun.communication)
:operating system, os,
definition:(computer science) software that controls the execution of computer programs and may provide various services (noun.communication)
:computer program, computer programme, program, programme,
definition:(computer science) a sequence of instructions that a computer can interpret and execute (noun.communication)
:disambiguator,
definition:(computer science) a natural language processing application that tries to determine the intended meaning of a word or phrase by examining the linguistic context in which it is used (noun.communication)
:job,
definition:(computer science) a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit (noun.communication)
:compiler, compiling program,
definition:(computer science) a program that decodes instructions written in a higher order language and produces an assembly language program (noun.communication)
:device driver, driver,
definition:(computer science) a program that determines how a computer will communicate with a peripheral device (noun.communication)
:editor, editor program,
definition:(computer science) a program designed to perform such editorial functions as rearrangement or modification or deletion of data (noun.communication)
:interface, user interface,
definition:(computer science) a program that controls a display for the user (usually on a computer monitor) and that allows the user to interact with the system (noun.communication)
:interpreter, interpretive program,
definition:(computer science) a program that translates and executes source language statements one line at a time (noun.communication)
:text editor,
definition:(computer science) an application that can be used to create and view and edit text files (noun.communication)
:service program, utility, utility program,
definition:(computer science) a program designed for general support of the processes of a computer (noun.communication)
:command, instruction, program line, statement,
definition:(computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program (noun.communication)
:computer database, electronic database, electronic information service, on-line database,
definition:(computer science) a database that can be accessed by computers (noun.communication)
:high-level formatting,
definition:(computer science) the format for the root directory and the file allocation tables and other basic configurations (noun.communication)
:initialisation, initialization, low-level formatting,
definition:(computer science) the format of sectors on the surface of a hard disk drive so that the operating system can access them and setting a starting position (noun.communication)
:gigo,
definition:(computer science) a rule stating that the quality of the output is a function of the quality of the input; put garbage in and you get garbage out (noun.communication)
:communications protocol, protocol,
definition:(computer science) rules determining the format and transmission of data (noun.communication)
:file transfer protocol, ftp,
definition:protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network (noun.communication)
:sgml, standard generalized markup language,
definition:(computer science) a standardized language for the descriptive markup of documents; a set of rules for using whatever markup vocabulary is adopted (noun.communication)
:cartridge font, font cartridge,
definition:any font that is contained in a cartridge that can be plugged into a computer printer (noun.communication)
:raster font, screen font,
definition:the font that is displayed on a computer screen (noun.communication)
:domain name,
definition:strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet (noun.communication)
:programing language, programming language,
definition:(computer science) a language designed for programming computers (noun.communication)
:object-oriented programing language, object-oriented programming language,
definition:(computer science) a programming language that enables the programmer to associate a set of procedures with each type of data structure (noun.communication)
:icon,
definition:(computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file or a concept in a graphical user interface (noun.communication)
:title bar,
definition:(computer science) a horizontal label at the top of a window, bearing the name of the currently active document (noun.communication)
:packet,
definition:(computer science) a message or message fragment (noun.communication)
:computer error, error,
definition:(computer science) the occurrence of an incorrect result produced by a computer (noun.event)
:hardware error,
definition:error resulting from a malfunction of some physical component of the computer (noun.event)
:disk error,
definition:error resulting from malfunction of a magnetic disk (noun.event)
:programming error, software error,
definition:error resulting from bad code in some program involved in producing the erroneous result (noun.event)
:run-time error, runtime error, semantic error,
definition:an error in logic or arithmetic that must be detected at run time (noun.event)
:syntax error,
definition:an error of language resulting from code that does not conform to the syntax of the programming language (noun.event)
:algorithm error,
definition:error resulting from the choice of the wrong algorithm or method for achieving the intended result (noun.event)
:seek,
definition:the movement of a read/write head to a specific data track on a disk (noun.event)
:crash,
definition:(computer science) an event that causes a computer system to become inoperative (noun.event)
:head crash,
definition:(computer science) a crash of a read/write head in a hard disk drive (usually caused by contact of the head with the surface of the magnetic disk) (noun.event)
:disc pack, disk pack,
definition:(computer science) a portable pack of magnetic disks used in a disk storage device (noun.group)
:field,
definition:(computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information (noun.group)
:bit field,
definition:a field containing only binary characters (noun.group)
:disc space, disk space,
definition:(computer science) the space available on a magnetic disk (noun.location)
:disk overhead, overhead,
definition:(computer science) the disk space required for information that is not data but is used for location and timing (noun.location)
:power user,
definition:(computing) a computer user who needs the fastest and most powerful computers available (noun.person)
:coder, computer programmer, programmer, software engineer,
definition:a person who designs and writes and tests computer programs (noun.person)
:resolution,
definition:(computer science) the number of pixels per square inch on a computer-generated display; the greater the resolution, the better the picture (noun.phenomenon)
:data processing,
definition:(computer science) a series of operations on data by a computer in order to retrieve or transform or classify information (noun.process)
:execution, instruction execution,
definition:(computer science) the process of carrying out an instruction by a computer (noun.process)
:fragmentation,
definition:(computer science) the condition of a file that is broken up and stored in many different locations on a magnetic disk (noun.process)
:iteration, looping,
definition:(computer science) executing the same set of instructions a given number of times or until a specified result is obtained (noun.process)
:iteration, loop,
definition:(computer science) a single execution of a set of instructions that are to be repeated (noun.process)
:operation,
definition:(computer science) data processing in which the result is completely specified by a rule (especially the processing that results from a single instruction) (noun.process)
:retrieval,
definition:(computer science) the operation of accessing information from the computer's memory (noun.process)
:storage,
definition:(computer science) the process of storing information in a computer memory or on a magnetic tape or disk (noun.process)
:baud, baud rate,
definition:(computer science) a data transmission rate (bits/second) for modems (noun.quantity)
:megaflop, mflop, million floating point operations per second,
definition:(computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system (noun.quantity)
:teraflop, trillion floating point operations per second,
definition:(computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system (noun.quantity)
:million instructions per second, mips,
definition:(computer science) a unit for measuring the execution speed of a computer's CPU (but not the whole system) (noun.quantity)
:check bit, parity, parity bit,
definition:(computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error (noun.quantity)
:block,
definition:(computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted (noun.quantity)
:bad block,
definition:(computer science) a block (usually one sector) that cannot reliably hold data (noun.quantity)
:partition,
definition:(computer science) the part of a hard disk that is dedicated to a particular operating system or application and accessed as a single unit (noun.quantity)
:capacity,
definition:(computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive (noun.quantity)
:formatted capacity,
definition:(computer science) the usable capacity of a disk drive; the amount of space that is left after the sector headings and boundary definitions and timing information have been added by formatting the disk (noun.quantity)
:unformatted capacity,
definition:(computer science) the total number of bytes on a disk including the space that will be required to format it (noun.quantity)
:time sharing,
definition:(computer science) the use of a central computer by many users simultaneously (noun.linkdef)
:access time,
definition:(computer science) the interval between the time data is requested by the system and the time the data is provided by the drive (noun.time)
:run-time,
definition:(computer science) the length of time it takes to execute a software program (noun.time)
:seek time,
definition:(computer science) the time it takes for a read/write head to move to a specific data track (noun.time)
:track-to-track seek time,
definition:(computer science) the time it takes for a read/write head to move to an adjacent data track (noun.time)
:bits per second, bps,
definition:(computer science) the rate at which data is transferred (as by a modem) (noun.time)
:latency, rotational latency,
definition:(computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head (noun.time)
:command overhead, command processing overhead, command processing overhead time, overhead,
definition:(computer science) the processing time required by a device prior to the execution of a command (noun.time)
:real time,
definition:(computer science) the time it takes for a process under computer control to occur (noun.time)
:rasterize,
definition:convert (an image) into pixels (verb.change)
:scroll,
definition:move through text or graphics in order to display parts that do not fit on the screen (verb.change)
:iterate,
definition:run or be performed again (verb.change)
:clear,
definition:rid of instructions or data (verb.change)
:google,
definition:search the internet (for information) using the Google search engine (verb.cognition)
:mapquest,
definition:search for a location and directions by means of the MapQuest program (verb.cognition)
:ping,
definition:send a message from one computer to another to check whether it is reachable and active (verb.communication)
:save, write,
definition:record data on a computer (verb.communication)
:overwrite,
definition:write new data on top of existing data and thus erase the previously existing data (verb.communication)
:e-mail, email, netmail,
definition:communicate electronically on the computer (verb.communication)
:spam,
definition:send unwanted or junk e-mail (verb.communication)
:network,
definition:communicate with and within a group (verb.communication)
:input,
definition:enter (data or a program) into a computer (verb.contact)
:concatenate,
definition:combine two strings to form a single one (verb.contact)
:cascade,
definition:arrange (open windows) on a computer desktop so that they overlap each other, with the title bars visible (verb.contact)
:computerise, computerize, cybernate,
definition:control a function, process, or creation by a computer (verb.creation)
:program, programme,
definition:write a computer program (verb.creation)
:load,
definition:transfer from a storage device to a computer's memory (verb.possession)
:import,
definition:transfer (electronic data) into a database or document (verb.possession)
:export,
definition:transfer (electronic data) out of a database or document in a format that can be used by other programs (verb.possession)
:spool,
definition:transfer data intended for a peripheral device (usually a printer) into temporary storage (verb.possession)
:access,
definition:obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer (verb.possession)
:address,
definition:access or locate by address (verb.possession)
:emulate,
definition:imitate the function of (another system), as by modifying the hardware or the software (verb.stative)
:addressable,
definition:capable of being addressed (adj.all)
:on-line, online,
definition:connected to a computer network or accessible by computer (adj.all)
:off-line,
definition:not connected to a computer network (adj.all)
:interoperable,
definition:able to exchange and use information (adj.all)
:streaming,
definition:(computer science) using or relating to a form of continuous tape transport; used mainly to provide backup storage of unedited data (adj.all)
:parallel,
definition:of or relating to the simultaneous performance of multiple operations (adj.all)
:in series, nonparallel, serial,
definition:of or relating to the sequential performance of multiple operations (adj.all)
:real-time,
definition:of or relating to computer systems that update information at the same rate they receive information (adj.pert)
:stovepiped,
definition:of or relating to data stored in separate databases (adj.pert)
:computer readable, machine readable,
definition:suitable for feeding directly into a computer (adj.pert)
:open-source,
definition:of or relating to or being computer software for which the source code is freely available (adj.pert)

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