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botany

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1. the branch of biology that studies plants (noun.cognition)
:biological science, biology,
definition:the science that studies living organisms (noun.cognition)
:mycology,
definition:the branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases (noun.cognition)
:pomology,
definition:the branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits (noun.cognition)
:palaeobotany, paleobotany,
definition:the study of fossil plants (noun.cognition)
:algology, phycology,
definition:the branch of botany that studies algae (noun.cognition)
:pteridology,
definition:the branch of botany that studies ferns (noun.cognition)
:flora, plant, plant life,
definition:(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion (noun.tops)
:etiolation,
definition:(botany) the act of causing a plant to develop without chlorophyll by growing it without exposure to sunlight (noun.act)
:dissilience,
definition:the emergence of seeds as seed pods burst open when they are ripe (noun.event)
:aestivation, estivation,
definition:(botany) the arrangement of sepals and petals in a flower bud before it opens (noun.group)
:division,
definition:(botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum (noun.group)
:venation,
definition:(botany) the arrangement of veins in a leaf (noun.group)
:vernation,
definition:(botany) the arrangement of young leaves in a leaf bud before it opens (noun.group)
:scurf,
definition:(botany) a covering that resembles scales or bran that covers some plant parts (noun.object)
:natural scientist, naturalist,
definition:a biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology) (noun.person)
:kingdom plantae, plant kingdom, plantae,
definition:(botany) the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants (noun.plant)
:annual,
definition:(botany) a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year (noun.plant)
:biennial,
definition:(botany) a plant having a life cycle that normally takes two seasons from germination to death to complete; flowering biennials usually bloom and fruit in the second season (noun.plant)
:perennial,
definition:(botany) a plant lasting for three seasons or more (noun.plant)
:style,
definition:(botany) the narrow elongated part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma (noun.plant)
:germ tube,
definition:(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a spore in germination (noun.plant)
:pollen tube,
definition:(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a pollen grain when deposited on the stigma for a flower; it penetrates the style and conveys the male gametes to the ovule (noun.plant)
:peristome,
definition:(botany) fringe of toothlike appendages surrounding the mouth of a moss capsule (noun.plant)
:embryo,
definition:(botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium (noun.plant)
:corolla,
definition:(botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth (noun.plant)
:corona,
definition:(botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower (noun.plant)
:calyx,
definition:(botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green (noun.plant)
:lip,
definition:(botany) either of the two parts of a bilabiate corolla or calyx (noun.plant)
:papilla,
definition:(botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf (noun.plant)
:pitcher,
definition:(botany) a leaf that that is modified in such a way as to resemble a pitcher or ewer (noun.plant)
:apophysis,
definition:(botany) a natural swelling or enlargement: at the base of the stalk or seta in certain mosses or on the cone scale of certain conifers (noun.plant)
:callus,
definition:(botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid (noun.plant)
:blister,
definition:(botany) a swelling on a plant similar to that on the skin (noun.plant)
:coma,
definition:(botany) a usually terminal tuft of bracts (as in the pineapple) or tuft of hairs (especially on certain seeds) (noun.plant)
:bast, phloem,
definition:(botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed; consists primarily of sieve tubes (noun.plant)
:root,
definition:(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground (noun.plant)
:taproot,
definition:(botany) main root of a plant growing straight downward from the stem (noun.plant)
:spike,
definition:(botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis (noun.plant)
:leaf node, node,
definition:(botany) the small swelling that is the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge (noun.plant)
:lobe,
definition:(botany) a part into which a leaf is divided (noun.plant)
:ligule,
definition:(botany) any appendage to a plant that is shaped like a strap (noun.plant)
:apogamy,
definition:(botany) development of an embryo without fertilization; especially the development in some ferns of a sporophyte from the gametophyte without fertilization (noun.process)
:cohesion,
definition:(botany) the process in some plants of parts growing together that are usually separate (such as petals) (noun.process)
:foliation, leafing,
definition:(botany) the process of forming leaves (noun.process)
:parthenocarpy,
definition:(botany) the development of a fruit without fertilization or seeds (noun.process)
:growth regulator, phytohormone, plant hormone,
definition:(botany) a plant product that acts like a hormone (noun.substance)
:cork, phellem,
definition:(botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells (noun.substance)
:sporulate,
definition:convert into spores (verb.change)
:invaginate,
definition:sheathe (verb.contact)
:sporulate,
definition:produce spores (verb.creation)
:acroscopic,
definition:facing or on the side toward the apex (adj.all)
:basiscopic,
definition:facing or on the side toward the base (adj.all)
:acropetal,
definition:of leaves or flowers; developing or opening in succession from base to apex (adj.all)
:basipetal,
definition:of leaves or flowers; developing or opening in succession from apex to base (adj.all)
:basifixed,
definition:attached by its base (as certain anthers to their filaments or stalks) (adj.all)
:comal, comate, comose,
definition:of certain seeds (such as cotton) having a tuft or tufts of hair (adj.all)
:carpellate, pistillate,
definition:bearing or consisting of carpels (adj.all)
:acarpellous, acarpelous,
definition:having no carpels (adj.all)
:cauline,
definition:especially of leaves; growing on a stem especially on the upper part of a stem (adj.all)
:basal, radical,
definition:especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem (adj.all)
:caulescent, cauline, stemmed,
definition:(of plants) producing a well-developed stem above ground (adj.all)
:acaulescent, stemless,
definition:(of plants) having no apparent stem above ground (adj.all)
:outward-developing,
definition:away from an axis, as in a flower cluster in which the oldest flowers are in the center, the youngest near the edge (adj.all)
:inward-developing,
definition:toward an axis, as in a sunflower; the oldest flowers are near the edge, the youngest in the center (adj.all)
:chlamydeous,
definition:having a floral envelope or perianth consisting of a calyx and/or corolla (adj.all)
:achlamydeous,
definition:not having a floral envelope or perianth (adj.all)
:brachiate,
definition:having widely spreading paired branches (adj.all)
:comate, comose,
definition:bearing a coma; crowned with an assemblage of branches or leaves or bracts (adj.all)
:cyclic,
definition:forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl (adj.all)
:acyclic,
definition:not cyclic; especially having parts arranged in spirals rather than whorls (adj.all)
:annual, one-year,
definition:completing its life cycle within a year (adj.all)
:biennial, two-year,
definition:having a life cycle lasting two seasons (adj.all)
:perennial,
definition:lasting three seasons or more (adj.all)
:determinate,
definition:not continuing to grow indefinitely at the apex (adj.all)
:cymose,
definition:having a usually flat-topped flower cluster in which the main and branch stems each end in a flower that opens before those below it or to its side (adj.all)
:indeterminate,
definition:having a capacity for continuing to grow at the apex (adj.all)
:racemose,
definition:having stalked flowers along an elongated stem that continue to open in succession from below as the stem continues to grow (adj.all)
:dextrorsal, dextrorse,
definition:spiraling upward from left to right (adj.all)
:sinistrorsal, sinistrorse,
definition:spiraling upward from right to left (adj.all)
:precocious,
definition:appearing or developing early (adj.all)
:autogamic, autogamous,
definition:characterized by or fit for autogamy (adj.all)
:endogamic, endogamous,
definition:characterized by or fit for fertilization by pollen from another flower of the same kind (adj.all)
:exogamic, exogamous,
definition:characterized by or fit for fertilization by a flower that is not closely related (adj.all)
:fastigiate,
definition:having clusters of erect branches (often appearing to form a single column) (adj.all)
:aerial,
definition:existing or living or growing or operating in the air (adj.all)
:antheral, staminate,
definition:capable of fertilizing female organs (adj.all)
:pistillate,
definition:having gynoecia, or pistils, the ovule-bearing organ of a seed plant (adj.all)
:monoclinous,
definition:having pistils and stamens in the same flower (adj.all)
:diclinous,
definition:having pistils and stamens in separate flowers (adj.all)
:capsulate, capsulated,
definition:used of seeds or spores that are enclosed in a capsule (adj.all)
:opposite, paired,
definition:of leaves etc; growing in pairs on either side of a stem (adj.all)
:alternate,
definition:of leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired (adj.all)
:ariled, arillate,
definition:(of some seeds) having a fleshy and usually brightly colored cover (adj.all)
:foliate,
definition:(often used as a combining form) having or resembling a leaf or having a specified kind or number of leaves (adj.all)
:foliolate,
definition:(often used as a combining form) having leaflets (compound leaves) or a specified kind or number of leaflets (adj.all)
:aphyllous,
definition:having no leaves (adj.all)
:scapose,
definition:resembling or consisting of a scape; having a bare leafless stalk growing directly from the ground (adj.all)
:bilabiate, two-lipped,
definition:having two lips (adj.all)
:cancellate, cancellated, clathrate,
definition:having a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows (adj.all)
:terete,
definition:especially of plant parts; cylindrical and tapering (adj.all)
:torulose,
definition:of a cylindrical or ellipsoid body; swollen and constricted at intervals (adj.all)
:simple, unsubdivided,
definition:(botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions (adj.all)
:compound,
definition:composed of more than one part (adj.all)
:aggregate,
definition:composed of a dense cluster of separate units such as carpels or florets or drupelets (adj.all)
:double,
definition:used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements (adj.all)
:single,
definition:used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals (adj.all)
:bullate,
definition:of leaves; appearing puckered as if blistered (adj.all)
:imbricate, imbricated,
definition:used especially of leaves or bracts; overlapping or layered as scales or shingles (adj.all)
:squamulose,
definition:covered with tiny scales (adj.all)
:rugose,
definition:of leaves; ridged or wrinkled (adj.all)
:smooth,
definition:of the margin of a leaf shape; not broken up into teeth (adj.all)
:rough,
definition:of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped (adj.all)
:convolute, convoluted,
definition:rolled longitudinally upon itself (adj.all)
:involute, rolled,
definition:especially of petals or leaves in bud; having margins rolled inward (adj.all)
:bifid,
definition:divided into two lobes (adj.all)
:pentamerous,
definition:divided into five parts; specifically, having each floral whorl consist of five (or a multiple of five) members (adj.all)
:trifid,
definition:divided into three lobes (adj.all)
:assurgent,
definition:growing or extending upward (adj.all)
:ligneous,
definition:consisting of or containing lignin or xylem (adj.all)
:alliaceous,
definition:of or pertaining to the botanical genus Allium (adj.pert)
:apogametic, apogamic, apogamous,
definition:of or relating to the development of an embryo in the absence of fertilization (adj.pert)
:apomictic, apomictical,
definition:of or relating to a plant that reproduces by apomixis (adj.pert)
:apothecial,
definition:of or relating to the apothecium of some lichens and fungi (adj.pert)
:archegonial, archegoniate,
definition:of or relating to an archegonium (adj.pert)
:archesporial,
definition:of or relating to the cells in a sporangium that give rise to spores (adj.pert)
:araceous, aroid,
definition:relating to a plant of the family Araceae (adj.pert)
:arthrosporic, arthrosporous,
definition:of or relating to arthrospores (adj.pert)
:asclepiadaceous,
definition:of or relating to plants of the milkweed family (adj.pert)
:ascocarpous,
definition:of or relating to ascocarps (adj.pert)
:ascosporic, ascosporous,
definition:of or relating to ascospores (adj.pert)
:autophytic, autotrophic,
definition:of or relating to organisms (as green plants) that can make complex organic nutritive compounds from simple inorganic sources by photosynthesis (adj.pert)
:heterotrophic,
definition:requiring organic compounds of carbon and nitrogen for nourishment (adj.pert)
:axial, axile,
definition:relating to or attached to the axis (adj.pert)
:basidiomycetous,
definition:pertaining to or characteristic of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes (adj.pert)
:basidiosporous,
definition:of or relating to or characterized by spores produced by basidia (adj.pert)
:bicapsular,
definition:divided into two capsules or having a two-part capsule (adj.pert)
:calyceal, calycinal, calycine,
definition:of or relating to or resembling a calyx (adj.pert)
:cambial,
definition:of or relating to or functioning as a cambium (adj.pert)
:capsular,
definition:of or relating to a capsule (adj.pert)
:composite,
definition:of or relating to or belonging to the plant family Compositae (adj.pert)
:homostyled, homostylic, homostylous,
definition:(botany) having styles all of the same length (adj.pert)
:panicled,
definition:having panicles; occurring in panicles (adj.pert)
:self-pollinating,
definition:of or relating to or characteristic of self-pollination (adj.pert)
:umbelliform,
definition:resembling or in the form of an umbel (adj.pert)
:umbelliferous,
definition:relating to or belonging to plants of the family Umbelliferae (adj.pert)
:cruciferous,
definition:of or relating to or belonging to the plant family Cruciferae (adj.pert)
:tomentose,
definition:covered with densely matted filaments (adj.pert)
:epiphytic,
definition:of or relating to epiphytes (adj.pert)
:lithophytic,
definition:of or relating to lithophytes (adj.pert)
:myrmecophytic,
definition:of or relating to myrmecophytes (adj.pert)
:bladed,
definition:having a blade or blades; often used in combination (adj.pert)
:spicate,
definition:having or relating to spikes (adj.pert)
:alar, axillary,
definition:of or relating to the axil (adj.pert)
:paniculate,
definition:having a panicle (adj.pert)
:phyllodial,
definition:having a phyllode (adj.pert)
:involucrate,
definition:having an involucre (adj.pert)
:bryophytic,
definition:relating to plants of the division Bryophyta (adj.pert)
2. all the plant life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection,
definition:several things grouped together or considered as a whole (noun.group)
:browse,
definition:vegetation (such as young shoots, twigs, and leaves) that is suitable for animals to eat (noun.group)
:brush, brushwood, coppice, copse, thicket,
definition:a dense growth of bushes (noun.group)
:growth,
definition:vegetation that has grown (noun.group)
:bush, chaparral, scrub,
definition:dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes (noun.group)
:stand,
definition:a growth of similar plants (usually trees) in a particular area (noun.group)
:forest, wood, woods,
definition:the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area (noun.group)
:shrubbery,
definition:a collection of shrubs growing together (noun.group)
:garden,
definition:the flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden (noun.group)
:brier, brier patch, brierpatch,
definition:tangled mass of prickly plants (noun.plant)
:ground cover, groundcover,
definition:low-growing plants planted in deep shade or on a steep slope where turf is difficult to grow (noun.plant)
:biology, biota,
definition:all the plant and animal life of a particular region (noun.group)
:flora, plant, plant life,
definition:(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion (noun.tops)
:cut, mown,
definition:(used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement or machine (adj.all)
:uncut, unmown,
definition:(used of grass or vegetation) not cut down with a hand implement or machine (adj.all)
:sprouted,
definition:(of growing vegetation) having just emerged from the ground (adj.all)
:dried-up, sear, sere, shriveled, shrivelled, withered,
definition:(used especially of vegetation) having lost all moisture (adj.all)
3. the branch of biology that studies plants (noun.cognition)
:botanist, phytologist, plant scientist,
definition:a biologist specializing in the study of plants (noun.person)
:botanise, botanize,
definition:collect and study plants (verb.cognition)
:botanic, botanical,
definition:of or relating to plants or botany (adj.pert)
:herbaceous,
definition:characteristic of a nonwoody herb or plant part (adj.all)
4. all the plant life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:fauna, zoology,
definition:all the animal life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:vegetate,
definition:establish vegetation on (verb.change)
:vegetal, vegetational, vegetative,
definition:composed of vegetation or plants (adj.all)
5. the branch of biology that studies plants (noun.cognition)
:botanist, phytologist, plant scientist,
definition:a biologist specializing in the study of plants (noun.person)
:botanise, botanize,
definition:collect and study plants (verb.cognition)
:botanic, botanical,
definition:of or relating to plants or botany (adj.pert)
:herbaceous,
definition:characteristic of a nonwoody herb or plant part (adj.all)
6. all the plant life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:fauna, zoology,
definition:all the animal life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:vegetate,
definition:establish vegetation on (verb.change)
:vegetal, vegetational, vegetative,
definition:composed of vegetation or plants (adj.all)

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