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biology

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1. the science that studies living organisms (noun.cognition)
:bioscience, life science,
definition:any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms (noun.cognition)
:biogeography,
definition:dealing with the geographical distribution of animals and plants (noun.cognition)
:botany, phytology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies plants (noun.cognition)
:cryobiology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies the effects of low temperatures on living tissues or organs or organisms (noun.cognition)
:cytology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells (noun.cognition)
:bionomics, ecology, environmental science,
definition:the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment (noun.cognition)
:embryology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms (noun.cognition)
:astrobiology, exobiology, space biology,
definition:the branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and the search for extraterrestrial life (noun.cognition)
:forestry,
definition:the science of planting and caring for forests and the management of growing timber (noun.cognition)
:genetic science, genetics,
definition:the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms (noun.cognition)
:microbiology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans (noun.cognition)
:molecular biology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies the structure and activity of macromolecules essential to life (and especially with their genetic role) (noun.cognition)
:morphology,
definition:the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants (noun.cognition)
:neurobiology,
definition:the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous system (noun.cognition)
:palaeobiology, paleobiology,
definition:a branch of paleontology that deals with the origin and growth and structure of fossil animals and plants as living organisms (noun.cognition)
:physiology,
definition:the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms (noun.cognition)
:radiobiology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies the effects of radiation on living organisms (noun.cognition)
:sociobiology,
definition:the branch of biology that conducts comparative studies of the social organization of animals (including human beings) with regard to its evolutionary history (noun.cognition)
:zoological science, zoology,
definition:the branch of biology that studies animals (noun.cognition)
:cell,
definition:(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals (noun.tops)
:culture,
definition:(biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar) (noun.act)
:monad,
definition:(biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan) (noun.animal)
:homogeny,
definition:(biology) similarity because of common evolution (noun.attribute)
:isomorphism, isomorphy,
definition:(biology) similarity or identity of form or shape or structure (noun.attribute)
:heterology,
definition:(biology) the lack of correspondence of apparently similar body parts (noun.attribute)
:valence, valency,
definition:(biology) a relative capacity to unite or react or interact as with antigens or a biological substrate (noun.attribute)
:coarctation,
definition:(biology) a narrowing or constriction of a vessel or canal; especially a congenital narrowing of the aorta (noun.attribute)
:spindle,
definition:(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle (noun.body)
:meme,
definition:a cultural unit (an idea or value or pattern of behavior) that is passed from one person to another by non-genetic means (as by imitation) (noun.cognition)
:cell doctrine, cell theory,
definition:(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms; proposed in 1838 by Matthias Schleiden and by Theodor Schwann (noun.cognition)
:evolutionism, theory of evolution, theory of organic evolution,
definition:(biology) a scientific theory of the origin of species of plants and animals (noun.cognition)
:theory of inheritance,
definition:(biology) a theory of how characteristics of one generation are derived from earlier generations (noun.cognition)
:cybernetics,
definition:(biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems) (noun.cognition)
:taxonomy,
definition:(biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification (noun.cognition)
:cataplasia,
definition:(biology) degenerative reversion of cells or tissue to a less differentiated or more primitive form (noun.event)
:subkingdom,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group comprising a major division of a kingdom (noun.group)
:variety,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics (noun.group)
:phylum,
definition:(biology) the major taxonomic group of animals and plants; contains classes (noun.group)
:subphylum,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and a class (noun.group)
:superphylum,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group ranking between a phylum and below a class or subclass (noun.group)
:class,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders (noun.group)
:subclass,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic category below a class and above an order (noun.group)
:superclass,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic class below a phylum and above a class (noun.group)
:order,
definition:(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more families (noun.group)
:suborder,
definition:(biology) taxonomic group that is a subdivision of an order (noun.group)
:superorder,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group ranking above an order and below a class or subclass (noun.group)
:family,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera (noun.group)
:superfamily,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group ranking below an order but above a family (noun.group)
:form family,
definition:(biology) an artificial taxonomic category for organisms of which the true relationships are obscure (noun.group)
:subfamily,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic category below a family (noun.group)
:tribe,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic category between a genus and a subfamily (noun.group)
:genus,
definition:(biology) taxonomic group containing one or more species (noun.group)
:subgenus,
definition:(biology) taxonomic group between a genus and a species (noun.group)
:monotype,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group with a single member (a single species or genus) (noun.group)
:type genus,
definition:(biology) genus from which the name of a family or subfamily is formed; it is not necessarily the most representative genus but often the largest or best known or earliest described (noun.group)
:form genus,
definition:(biology) an artificial taxonomic category for organisms of which the true relationships are obscure (noun.group)
:species,
definition:(biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed (noun.group)
:race, subspecies,
definition:(biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species (noun.group)
:form, strain, var., variant,
definition:(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups (noun.group)
:type,
definition:(biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon (noun.group)
:type species,
definition:(biology) the species that best exemplifies the essential characteristics of the genus to which it belongs (noun.group)
:division,
definition:(biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger category (noun.group)
:biologist, life scientist,
definition:(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms (noun.person)
:mutant, mutation, sport, variation,
definition:(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration (noun.person)
:organic phenomenon,
definition:(biology) a natural phenomenon involving living plants and animals (noun.phenomenon)
:dehiscence,
definition:(biology) release of material by splitting open of an organ or tissue; the natural bursting open at maturity of a fruit or other reproductive body to release seeds or spores or the bursting open of a surgically closed wound (noun.phenomenon)
:pleomorphism,
definition:(biology) the appearance of two or more distinctly different forms in the life cycle of some organisms (noun.phenomenon)
:polymorphism,
definition:(biology) the existence of two or more forms of individuals within the same animal species (independent of sex differences) (noun.phenomenon)
:dimorphism,
definition:(biology) the existence of two forms of individual within the same animal species (independent of sex differences) (noun.phenomenon)
:recognition,
definition:(biology) the ability of one molecule to attach to another molecule that has a complementary shape (noun.phenomenon)
:elan vital, life force, vital force, vitality,
definition:(biology) a hypothetical force (not physical or chemical) once thought by Henri Bergson to cause the evolution and development of organisms (noun.phenomenon)
:accretion,
definition:(biology) growth by addition as by the adhesion of parts or particles (noun.process)
:anisogamy,
definition:(biology) reproduction by the union or fusion of two differing gametes (especially differing in size) (noun.process)
:apposition,
definition:(biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material (noun.process)
:decomposition, putrefaction, rot, rotting,
definition:(biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action (noun.process)
:evolution, organic evolution, phylogenesis, phylogeny,
definition:(biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms (noun.process)
:development, growing, growth, maturation, ontogenesis, ontogeny,
definition:(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level (noun.process)
:intussusception,
definition:(biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall (noun.process)
:isogamy,
definition:(biology) reproduction by the union or fusion of gametes of the same size and structure (noun.process)
:osmosis,
definition:(biology, chemistry) diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from a place of higher concentration to a place of lower concentration until the concentration on both sides is equal (noun.process)
:regeneration,
definition:(biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs (noun.process)
:reproduction,
definition:the process of generating offspring (noun.process)
:differentiation, specialisation, specialization,
definition:(biology) the structural adaptation of some body part for a particular function (noun.process)
:affinity, phylogenetic relation,
definition:(biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts (noun.linkdef)
:uncus,
definition:(biology) any hook-shaped process or part (noun.shape)
:brachium,
definition:(biology) a branching or armlike part of an animal (noun.shape)
:turgor,
definition:(biology) the normal rigid state of fullness of a cell or blood vessel or capillary resulting from pressure of the contents against the wall or membrane (noun.state)
:activator,
definition:(biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription (noun.substance)
:medium,
definition:(biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed (noun.substance)
:multiply, procreate, reproduce,
definition:have offspring or produce more individuals of a given animal or plant (verb.body)
:propagate,
definition:multiply sexually or asexually (verb.body)
:vegetate,
definition:propagate asexually (verb.body)
:enucleate,
definition:remove the nucleus from (a cell) (verb.change)
:transform,
definition:change (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species (verb.change)
:conjugate,
definition:undergo conjugation (verb.change)
:copy, replicate,
definition:reproduce or make an exact copy of (verb.creation)
:inhibit,
definition:limit, block, or decrease the action or function of (verb.social)
:abaxial, dorsal,
definition:facing away from the axis of an organ or organism (adj.all)
:adaxial, ventral,
definition:nearest to or facing toward the axis of an organ or organism (adj.all)
:antrorse,
definition:bent or curved forward or upward (adj.all)
:retrorse,
definition:bent or curved backward or downward (adj.all)
:semiaquatic, subaquatic,
definition:partially aquatic; living or growing partly on land and partly in water (adj.all)
:subaquatic, subaqueous, submerged, submersed, underwater,
definition:growing or remaining under water (adj.all)
:amphibiotic, semiaquatic,
definition:having an aquatic early or larval form and a terrestrial adult form (adj.all)
:sessile, stalkless,
definition:attached directly by the base; not having an intervening stalk (adj.all)
:pedunculate, stalked,
definition:having or growing on or from a peduncle or stalk (adj.all)
:sessile,
definition:permanently attached to a substrate; not free to move about (adj.all)
:dormant, hibernating, torpid,
definition:in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation (adj.all)
:glabrous,
definition:having no hair or similar growth; smooth (adj.all)
:canescent, hoary,
definition:covered with fine whitish hairs or down (adj.all)
:downy, puberulent, pubescent, sericeous,
definition:covered with fine soft hairs or down (adj.all)
:pilary, pilose, pilous,
definition:covered with hairs especially fine soft ones (adj.all)
:tomentose, tomentous,
definition:densely covered with short matted woolly hairs (adj.all)
:tetramerous,
definition:having or consisting of four similar parts; tetramerous flowers (adj.all)
:binuclear, binucleate, binucleated,
definition:having two nuclei (adj.all)
:mononuclear, mononucleate,
definition:having only one nucleus (adj.all)
:trinuclear, trinucleate, trinucleated,
definition:having three nuclei (adj.all)
:formative,
definition:capable of forming new cells and tissues (adj.all)
:diurnal,
definition:of or belonging to or active during the day (adj.all)
:nocturnal,
definition:belonging to or active during the night (adj.all)
:myrmecophilous,
definition:living symbiotically with ants (adj.all)
:symbiotic,
definition:used of organisms (especially of different species) living together but not necessarily in a relation beneficial to each (adj.all)
:free-living, nonparasitic, nonsymbiotic,
definition:not parasitic on another organism (adj.all)
:rudimentary, vestigial,
definition:not fully developed in mature animals (adj.all)
:plumate, plumed, plumose,
definition:having an ornamental plume or feathery tuft (adj.all)
:acephalous,
definition:lacking a head or a clearly defined head (adj.all)
:alpine,
definition:living or growing above the timber line (adj.all)
:homologous,
definition:having the same evolutionary origin but not necessarily the same function (adj.all)
:homologic, homological,
definition:similar in evolutionary origin but not in function (adj.all)
:heterologic, heterological, heterologous,
definition:not corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin (adj.all)
:analogous,
definition:corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin (adj.all)
:cernuous, drooping, nodding, pendulous, weeping,
definition:having branches or flower heads that bend downward (adj.all)
:ventricose, ventricous,
definition:having a swelling on one side (adj.all)
:in vivo,
definition:within a living organism (adj.all)
:male,
definition:being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation (adj.all)
:female,
definition:being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop (adj.all)
:hermaphrodite, hermaphroditic,
definition:of animal or plant; having both male female reproductive organs (adj.all)
:versatile,
definition:able to move freely in all directions (adj.all)
:epimorphic,
definition:characterized by incomplete metamorphosis; having the same number of body segments in successive stages (adj.all)
:metamorphous,
definition:produced by metamorphosis (adj.all)
:natural,
definition:functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies (adj.all)
:obligate,
definition:restricted to a particular condition of life (adj.all)
:facultative,
definition:able to exist under more than one set of conditions (adj.all)
:lasting, persistent,
definition:retained; not shed (adj.all)
:caducous, shed,
definition:shed at an early stage of development (adj.all)
:labile,
definition:(chemistry, physics, biology) readily undergoing change or breakdown (adj.all)
:thermolabile,
definition:(chemistry, physics, biology) readily changed or destroyed by heat (adj.all)
:capitate,
definition:being abruptly enlarged and globose at the tip (adj.all)
:fissiparous,
definition:reproducing by fission (adj.all)
:lepidote, leprose, scabrous, scaly, scurfy,
definition:rough to the touch; covered with scales or scurf (adj.all)
:differentiated,
definition:exhibiting biological specialization; adapted during development to a specific function or environment (adj.all)
:generalised, generalized,
definition:not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment (adj.all)
:stabile,
definition:(chemistry, physics, biology) resistant to change (adj.all)
:stomatous,
definition:having a mouth or mouthlike opening (adj.all)
:astomatous, mouthless,
definition:having no mouth or mouthlike opening (adj.all)
:geniculate,
definition:bent at a sharp angle (adj.all)
:actinomorphic, actinomorphous,
definition:capable of division into symmetrical halves by any longitudinal plane passing through the axis (adj.all)
:bilaterally symmetrical, zygomorphic, zygomorphous,
definition:capable of division into symmetrical halves by only one longitudinal plane passing through the axis (adj.all)
:sympatric,
definition:(of biological species or speciation) occurring in the same or overlapping geographical areas (adj.all)
:allopatric,
definition:(of biological species or speciation) occurring in areas isolated geographically from one another (adj.all)
:territorial,
definition:displaying territoriality; defending a territory from intruders (adj.all)
:nonterritorial,
definition:not displaying territoriality (adj.all)
:compressed, flat,
definition:flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes) (adj.all)
:depressed,
definition:flattened downward as if pressed from above or flattened along the dorsal and ventral surfaces (adj.all)
:uniparous,
definition:producing only one offspring at a time (adj.all)
:multiparous,
definition:producing more than one offspring at a time (adj.all)
:bilocular, biloculate,
definition:divided into or containing two cells or chambers (adj.all)
:adnate,
definition:of unlike parts or organs; growing closely attached (adj.all)
:connate,
definition:of similar parts or organs; closely joined or united (adj.all)
:alar, alary, aliform, wing-shaped,
definition:having or resembling wings (adj.all)
:bacillar, bacillary,
definition:relating to or produced by or containing bacilli (adj.pert)
:cellular,
definition:relating to cells (adj.pert)
:extracellular,
definition:located or occurring outside a cell or cells (adj.pert)
:intercellular,
definition:located between cells (adj.pert)
:intracellular,
definition:located or occurring within a cell or cells (adj.pert)
:cenogenetic,
definition:of or relating to cenogenesis (adj.pert)
:palingenetic,
definition:of or relating to palingenesis (adj.pert)
:commensal,
definition:living in a state of commensalism (adj.pert)
:generic,
definition:relating to or common to or descriptive of all members of a genus (adj.pert)
:mental,
definition:of or relating to the chin- or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks (adj.pert)
:monotypic,
definition:consisting of only one type (adj.pert)
:polydactyl, polydactylous,
definition:of or relating to a person (or other vertebrate) having more than the normal number of digits (adj.pert)
:urceolate,
definition:urn-shaped; large below and contracted toward the mouth (adj.pert)
:isomorphic, isomorphous,
definition:having similar appearance but genetically different (adj.pert)
:polymorphic, polymorphous,
definition:relating to the occurrence of more than one kind of individual (independent of sexual differences) in an interbreeding population (adj.pert)
:nuclear,
definition:of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell (adj.pert)
:nucleate, nucleated,
definition:having a nucleus or occurring in the nucleus (adj.pert)
:bionomic, bionomical, ecologic, ecological,
definition:of or relating to the science of ecology (adj.pert)
:basophilic,
definition:staining readily with basic dyes (adj.pert)
:systematic, taxonomic, taxonomical,
definition:of or relating to taxonomy (adj.pert)
:saprobic,
definition:living in or being an environment rich in organic matter but lacking oxygen (adj.pert)
:katharobic,
definition:of living being in an oxygenated environment lacking organic matter (adj.pert)
:symbiotically,
definition:in a symbiotic manner (adv.all)
2. all the plant and animal life of a particular region (noun.group)
:accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection,
definition:several things grouped together or considered as a whole (noun.group)
:fauna, zoology,
definition:all the animal life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
:botany, flora, vegetation,
definition:all the plant life in a particular region or period (noun.group)
3. characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms (noun.phenomenon)
:life,
definition:the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones (noun.phenomenon)
4. the science that studies living organisms (noun.cognition)
:biologist, life scientist,
definition:(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms (noun.person)
:biologic, biological, biologic, biological,
definition:pertaining to biology or to life and living things (adj.pert)
5. characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms (noun.phenomenon)
:biologist, life scientist,
definition:(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms (noun.person)
:biologic, biological,
definition:pertaining to biology or to life and living things (adj.pert)
6. the science that studies living organisms (noun.cognition)
:biologist, life scientist,
definition:(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms (noun.person)
:biologic, biological, biologic, biological,
definition:pertaining to biology or to life and living things (adj.pert)
7. characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms (noun.phenomenon)
:biologist, life scientist,
definition:(biology) a scientist who studies living organisms (noun.person)
:biologic, biological,
definition:pertaining to biology or to life and living things (adj.pert)

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