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1. the head of the Roman Catholic Church (noun.person)
:spiritual leader,
definition:a leader in religious or sacred affairs (noun.person)
definition:a member of a Catholic church (noun.person)
definition:someone who is elected pope in opposition to another person who is held to be canonically elected (noun.person)
:alexander vi, borgia, pope alexander vi, rodrigo borgia,
definition:Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503) (noun.person)
:benedict xiv, prospero lambertini,
definition:pope who was a patron of the arts and who denounced the cruelty to the indigenous peoples of South America (1675-1758) (noun.person)
:benedict xv, giacomo della chiesa,
definition:pope who founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war during World War I (1854-1922) (noun.person)
:benedetto caetani, boniface viii,
definition:pope who declared that Catholic princes are subject to the pope in temporal as well as in theological matters (1235-1303) (noun.person)
:calixtus ii, guy of burgundy,
definition:pope who in 1122 forced the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to sign a concordat that recognized the right of the church to choose its own leadership (died in 1124) (noun.person)
:alfonso borgia, borgia, calixtus iii,
definition:Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458) (noun.person)
:clement vii, giulio de' medici,
definition:Italian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478-1534) (noun.person)
:clement xi, giovanni francesco albani,
definition:Italian pope from 1700 to 1721 who condemned Jansenist ideas on papal infallibility (noun.person)
:clement xiv, lorenzo ganganelli,
definition:Italian pope from 1769 to 1774 who lost whatever support remained of Catholic Europe, causing the church to fall into the hands of secular princes (1705-1774) (noun.person)
:gregory, gregory i, gregory the great, saint gregory i, st. gregory i,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604) (noun.person)
:gregory, gregory vii, hildebrand,
definition:the Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020-1085) (noun.person)
:angelo correr, gregory, gregory xii,
definition:the Italian pope from 1406 to 1415 who worked to end the Great Schism and who retired to make it possible (1327-1417) (noun.person)
:gregory, gregory xiii, ugo buoncompagni,
definition:the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585) (noun.person)
:bartolomeo alberto capillari, gregory, gregory xvi,
definition:Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846) (noun.person)
:innocent iii, lotario di segni,
definition:Italian pope from 1198 to 1216 who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161-1216) (noun.person)
:giovanni battista cibo, innocent viii,
definition:Italian pope from 1484 to 1492 who was known as a nepotist and was attacked by Savonarola for his worldliness (1432-1492) (noun.person)
:benedetto odescalchi, innocent xi,
definition:Italian pope from 1676 to 1689 whose papacy was marked by the struggle with Louis XIV of France over papal authority over French Catholics; known for saintliness and canonized in 1956 (1611-1689) (noun.person)
:antonio pignatelli, innocent xii,
definition:Italian pope from 1691 to 1700 who abolished nepotism within the church hierarchy and was universally loved for his charity and piety (noun.person)
:angelo guiseppe roncalli, john xxiii,
definition:Italian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963) (noun.person)
:albino luciano, john paul i,
definition:the first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978) (noun.person)
:john paul ii, karol wojtyla,
definition:the first Pope born in Poland; the first Pope not born in Italy in 450 years (1920-2005) (noun.person)
:leo i, leo the great, st. leo i,
definition:Italian pope from 440 to 461 who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461) (noun.person)
:leo iii,
definition:Italian pope from 795 to 816 who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816) (noun.person)
:bruno, bruno of toul, leo ix,
definition:German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054) (noun.person)
:giovanni de'medici, leo x,
definition:son of Lorenzo de'Medici and pope from 1513 to 1521 who excommunicated Martin Luther and who in 1521 bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521) (noun.person)
:gioacchino pecci, giovanni vincenzo pecci, leo xiii,
definition:Italian pope from 1878 to 1903 who was interested in the advancement of learning and who opened the Vatican secret archives to all scholars (noun.person)
:martin v, oddone colonna,
definition:Italian pope from 1417 to 1431 whose election as pope ended the Great Schism (1368-1431) (noun.person)
:nicholas v, tomasso parentucelli,
definition:Italian pope from 1447 to 1455 who founded the Vatican library (1397-1455) (noun.person)
:alessandro farnese, paul iii,
definition:Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468-1549) (noun.person)
:giovanni battista montini, paul vi,
definition:Italian pope from 1963 to 1978 who eased restrictions on fasting and on interfaith marriages (1897-1978) (noun.person)
:aeneas silvius, enea silvio piccolomini, pius ii,
definition:Italian pope from 1458 to 1464 who is remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464) (noun.person)
:antonio ghislieri, pius v,
definition:Italian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I (1504-1572) (noun.person)
:giannangelo braschi, giovanni angelo braschi, pius vi,
definition:Italian pope from 1775 to 1799 who served during the French Revolution; Napoleon attacked the Papal States and in 1797 Pius VI was taken to France where he died (1717-1799) (noun.person)
:barnaba chiaramonti, luigi barnaba gregorio chiaramonti, pius vii,
definition:Italian pope from 1800 to 1823 who was humiliated by Napoleon and taken prisoner in 1809; he concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France; he returned to Rome in 1814 (1740-1823) (noun.person)
:giovanni maria mastai-ferretti, giovanni mastai-ferretti, pius ix,
definition:Italian pope from 1846 to 1878 who in 1854 declared the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (noun.person)
:giuseppe melchiorre sarto, giuseppe sarto, pius x,
definition:pope who condemned religious modernism; he was canonized in 1954 because of his interest in the poor (1835-1914) (noun.person)
:achille ratti, ambrogio damiano achille ratti, pius xi,
definition:pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939) (noun.person)
:eugenio pacelli, pius xii,
definition:pope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the Jews who were persecuted by Hitler (1876-1958) (noun.person)
:francesco della rovere, sixtus iv,
definition:Italian pope from 1471 to 1484 who consented to the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and built the Sistine Chapel (1414-1484) (noun.person)
:gerbert, sylvester ii,
definition:French pope from 999 to 1003 who was noted for his great learning (945-1003) (noun.person)
:odo, odo of lagery, otho, otho of lagery, urban ii,
definition:French pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099) (noun.person)
:guillaume de grimoard, urban v,
definition:French pope from 1362 to 1370 who tried to reestablish the papacy in Rome but in 1367 returned to Avignon hoping to end the war between France and England; canonized in 1870 (1310-1370) (noun.person)
:bartolomeo prignano, urban vi,
definition:Italian pope from 1378 to 1389 whose contested election began the Great Schism; he alienated his political allies by his ruthless treatment of his opponents (1318-1389) (noun.person)
:maffeo barberini, urban viii,
definition:Italian pope from 1623 to 1644 who sanctioned the condemnation of Galileo but later freed him (1568-1644) (noun.person)
:papacy, pontificate,
definition:the government of the Roman Catholic Church (
2. English poet and satirist (1688-1744) (noun.person)
definition:a writer of poems (the term is usually reserved for writers of good poetry) (noun.person)
3. the head of the Roman Catholic Church (noun.person)
:apostolic, apostolical, papal, pontifical,
definition:proceeding from or ordered by or subject to a pope or the papacy regarded as the successor of the Apostles (adj.pert)
:apostolic, apostolical, papal, pontifical,
definition:proceeding from or ordered by or subject to a pope or the papacy regarded as the successor of the Apostles (adj.pert)

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