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mineral

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1. solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition (noun.substance)
:material, stuff,
definition:the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object (noun.substance)
:ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokerite,
definition:a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles (noun.substance)
:amblygonite,
definition:a white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium (noun.substance)
:amphibole,
definition:a mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group (noun.substance)
:amphibole group,
definition:a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum (noun.substance)
:apatite,
definition:a common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus (noun.substance)
:aragonite,
definition:a mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite (noun.substance)
:argentite,
definition:a valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S) (noun.substance)
:argyrodite,
definition:a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur (noun.substance)
:arsenopyrite, mispickel,
definition:a silver-white or grey ore of arsenic (noun.substance)
:asphalt, mineral pitch,
definition:a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons (noun.substance)
:augite,
definition:dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium (noun.substance)
:baddeleyite,
definition:a mineral consisting of zirconium oxide (noun.substance)
:bastnaesite, bastnasite,
definition:a yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements (noun.substance)
:bauxite,
definition:a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst (noun.substance)
:beryl,
definition:the chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems (noun.substance)
:borax,
definition:an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent (noun.substance)
:bornite, peacock ore,
definition:a mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits (noun.substance)
:carnallite,
definition:a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium (noun.substance)
:cassiterite,
definition:a hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin (noun.substance)
:celestite,
definition:a mineral consisting of strontium sulphate (noun.substance)
:cerussite, white lead ore,
definition:a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead (noun.substance)
:chalcocite, copper glance,
definition:a heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper (noun.substance)
:chalcopyrite, copper pyrites,
definition:a yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide (noun.substance)
:chlorite,
definition:a generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal (noun.substance)
:chromite,
definition:a brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium (noun.substance)
:chrysoberyl,
definition:a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone (noun.substance)
:cinnabar,
definition:a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury (noun.substance)
:cobaltite,
definition:a rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt (noun.substance)
:halite, rock salt,
definition:naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride (noun.substance)
:coltan, columbite-tantalite,
definition:a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips (noun.substance)
:cordierite,
definition:a blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone (noun.substance)
:corundom, corundum,
definition:very hard mineral used as an abrasive (noun.substance)
:cristobalite,
definition:a white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks (noun.substance)
:crocolite,
definition:a rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals (noun.substance)
:cryolite, greenland spar,
definition:a white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine (noun.substance)
:cuprite,
definition:a mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper (noun.substance)
:bitter spar, dolomite,
definition:a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer (noun.substance)
:earth color,
definition:a colored mineral used as a pigment (noun.substance)
:emery,
definition:a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper) (noun.substance)
:cobalt bloom, erythrite,
definition:a reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic (noun.substance)
:fergusonite,
definition:a dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals (noun.substance)
:fluor, fluorite, fluorspar,
definition:a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine (noun.substance)
:gadolinite, ytterbite,
definition:a mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium (noun.substance)
:galena,
definition:soft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead (noun.substance)
:garnet,
definition:any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive (noun.substance)
:garnierite,
definition:a green mineral consisting of hydrated nickel magnesium silicate; a source of nickel (noun.substance)
:germanite,
definition:a rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide (noun.substance)
:gibbsite,
definition:white crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina (noun.substance)
:glauconite,
definition:a green mineral consisting of hydrated silicate of potassium or iron or magnesium or aluminum; found in greensand (noun.substance)
:cadmium sulphide, greenockite,
definition:ore of cadmium; a rare yellowish mineral consisting of cadmium sulphide in crystalline form (noun.substance)
:gypsum,
definition:a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris) (noun.substance)
:hausmannite,
definition:a mineral consisting of manganese tetroxide; a source of manganese (noun.substance)
:barite, barium sulphate, barytes, heavy spar,
definition:a white or colorless mineral (BaSO4); the main source of barium (noun.substance)
:calamine, hemimorphite,
definition:a white mineral; a common ore of zinc (noun.substance)
:ilmenite,
definition:a weakly magnetic black mineral found in metamorphic and plutonic rocks; an iron titanium oxide in crystalline form; a source of titanium (noun.substance)
:jadeite,
definition:a hard green mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade; found principally in Burma (noun.substance)
:kainite,
definition:a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer (noun.substance)
:kaolinite,
definition:a mineral consisting of aluminum silicate; main source of kaolin (noun.substance)
:kernite,
definition:a light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron (noun.substance)
:kieserite,
definition:a white mineral consisting of hydrous magnesium sulfate often found in salt mines (noun.substance)
:cyanite, kyanite,
definition:a grey or greenish-blue mineral consisting of aluminum silicate in crystalline form; occurs in metaphoric rock, used as a refractory (noun.substance)
:langbeinite,
definition:a mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer (noun.substance)
:magnesite,
definition:a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium (noun.substance)
:malachite,
definition:a green or blue mineral used as an ore of copper and for making ornamental objects (noun.substance)
:maltha, mineral tar,
definition:a thick black tar intermediate between petroleum and asphalt (noun.substance)
:manganite,
definition:a black mineral consisting of basic manganese oxide; a source of manganese (noun.substance)
:meerschaum, sepiolite,
definition:a white clayey mineral (noun.substance)
:isinglass, mica,
definition:any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity (noun.substance)
:millerite,
definition:a yellow mineral consisting of nickel sulfide; a minor source of nickel (noun.substance)
:molybdenite,
definition:a mineral resembling graphite that is valued as the chief source of molybdenum and its compounds (noun.substance)
:monazite,
definition:a reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium (noun.substance)
:nepheline, nephelite,
definition:a whitish mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate or potassium aluminum silicate in crystalline form; used in the manufacture of ceramics and enamels (noun.substance)
:nephelinite,
definition:an igneous rock consisting of nepheline and pyroxene (noun.substance)
:columbite, niobite,
definition:a black mineral that is an ore of niobium and tantalum (noun.substance)
:nitrocalcite,
definition:the mineral form of calcium nitrate (noun.substance)
:olivine,
definition:a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium (noun.substance)
:olivenite,
definition:rare green to black mineral consisting of hydrated copper arsenate that is found in copper deposits (noun.substance)
:opal,
definition:a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones (noun.substance)
:ore,
definition:a mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined (noun.substance)
:orpiment,
definition:a yellow mineral occurring in conjunction with realgar; an ore of arsenic (noun.substance)
:iridosmine, osmiridium,
definition:a hard and corrosion resistant mineral that is a natural alloy of osmium and iridium (usually containing small amounts of rhodium and platinum); used in needles and pen nibs etc. (noun.substance)
:pentlandite,
definition:a mineral (iron and nickel sulphide) that is the chief ore of nickel (noun.substance)
:magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase,
definition:a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium (noun.substance)
:pinite,
definition:grey or green or brown mineral similar to mica and containing aluminum and potassium sulphates (noun.substance)
:pollucite,
definition:a rare mineral that is an important source of cesium (noun.substance)
:psilomelane,
definition:a mineral consisting of hydrated basic oxide of manganese and barium; a source of manganese (noun.substance)
:fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyrite,
definition:a common mineral (iron disulfide) that has a pale yellow color (noun.substance)
:pyrolusite,
definition:a mineral consisting of manganese dioxide; an important source of manganese (noun.substance)
:green lead ore, pyromorphite,
definition:a mineral consisting of lead chloride and phosphate; a minor source of lead (noun.substance)
:pyrophyllite,
definition:a white or greenish aluminum silicate mineral (resembles talc) (noun.substance)
:pyroxene,
definition:any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks (noun.substance)
:magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotine, pyrrhotite,
definition:a brownish iron sulfide mineral (FeS) having weak magnetic properties (noun.substance)
:quartz,
definition:a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities (noun.substance)
:realgar,
definition:a rare soft orange mineral consisting of arsenic sulphide; an important ore of arsenic (noun.substance)
:red clay,
definition:clay whose redness results from iron oxide (noun.substance)
:rhodochrosite,
definition:a mineral consisting of manganese carbonate; a source of manganese (noun.substance)
:rhodonite,
definition:a pink or red mineral consisting of crystalline manganese silicate; used as an ornamental stone (noun.substance)
:rutile,
definition:a mineral consisting of titanium dioxide in crystalline form; occurs in metamorphic and plutonic rocks and is a major source of titanium (noun.substance)
:samarskite,
definition:a complex black mineral occurring in pegmatites (noun.substance)
:sapphirine,
definition:a rare light blue or green mineral; consists of aluminum and magnesium silicate and occurs as small grains in some metamorphic rocks (noun.substance)
:scheelite,
definition:a mineral used as an ore of tungsten (noun.substance)
:smaltite,
definition:a grey mineral consisting of cobalt arsenide and nickel; an important source of cobalt and nickel (noun.substance)
:sodalite,
definition:a vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks (noun.substance)
:spar,
definition:any of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable (noun.substance)
:spinel,
definition:a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones (noun.substance)
:spodumene,
definition:a pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminum silicate; a source of lithium (noun.substance)
:stannite, tin pyrites,
definition:a dark grey mineral with a metallic luster that is a source of tin (noun.substance)
:stibnite,
definition:a soft grey mineral; the chief ore of antimony (noun.substance)
:strontianite,
definition:a mineral consisting of strontium carbonate (noun.substance)
:graphic tellurium, sylvanite,
definition:a silver-white mineral consisting of silver gold telluride; a source of gold in Australia and America (noun.substance)
:sylvine, sylvite,
definition:a mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds (noun.substance)
:talc, talcum,
definition:a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder (noun.substance)
:tantalite,
definition:a mineral consisting of tantalum oxide of iron and manganese that occurs with niobite or in coarse granite; an ore of tantalum (noun.substance)
:thorite,
definition:a radioactive mineral consisting of thorium silicate; it is a source of thorium that is found in coarse granite (noun.substance)
:thortveitite,
definition:a mineral consisting of scandium yttrium silicate; a source of scandium (noun.substance)
:topaz,
definition:a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone (noun.substance)
:tourmaline,
definition:a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones (noun.substance)
:tridymite,
definition:a mineral form of silica (noun.substance)
:turquoise,
definition:a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate (noun.substance)
:vanadinite,
definition:a mineral consisting of chloride and vanadate of lead; a source of vanadium (noun.substance)
:vermiculite,
definition:any of a group of yellow or brown hydrous silicate minerals having a micaceous structure (noun.substance)
:idocrase, vesuvian, vesuvianite,
definition:a green or yellow or brown mineral consisting of a hydrated silicate; it occurs as crystals in limestone and is used a gemstone (noun.substance)
:iron manganese tungsten, wolframite,
definition:a mineral consisting of iron and manganese tungstate in crystalline form; the principal ore of tungsten; found in quartz veins associated with granitic rocks (noun.substance)
:wollastonite,
definition:a white or greyish mineral typically found in metamorphic limestone; a silicate of calcium (noun.substance)
:wulfenite,
definition:a yellow to orange or brown mineral used as a molybdenum ore (noun.substance)
:wurtzite,
definition:a brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulfide (noun.substance)
:xenotime,
definition:a brown-to-yellow mineral that is a phosphate of yttrium in crystalline form (noun.substance)
:zeolite,
definition:any of a family of glassy minerals analogous to feldspar containing hydrated aluminum silicates of calcium or sodium or potassium; formed in cavities in lava flows and in plutonic rocks (noun.substance)
:blende, sphalerite, zinc blende,
definition:an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form (noun.substance)
:zinkenite,
definition:a steel grey metallic mineral (a sulphide of lead and antimony) (noun.substance)
:zircon, zirconium silicate,
definition:a common mineral occurring in small crystals; chief source of zirconium; used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent (noun.substance)
:rock, stone,
definition:material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust (noun.substance)
2. composed of matter other than plant or animal (adj.all)
:inorganic,
definition:lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms (adj.all)
3. relating to minerals (adj.pert)
:mineral,
definition:solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition (noun.substance)
:mineral,
definition:solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition (noun.substance)

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