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islam

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1. the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran (noun.cognition)
:monotheism,
definition:belief in a single God (noun.cognition)
:mahdism,
definition:belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi (noun.cognition)
:salafi movement, salafism,
definition:a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world (noun.cognition)
:shiism,
definition:the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs (noun.cognition)
:wahabism, wahhabism,
definition:a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia (noun.cognition)
:hadith, sunna, sunnah,
definition:(Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran (noun.act)
:had crime,
definition:(Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran (noun.act)
:tazir crime,
definition:(Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way (noun.act)
:ramadan,
definition:(Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan (noun.act)
:caaba, kaaba,
definition:(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying (noun.artifact)
:masjid, musjid,
definition:(Islam) a Muslim place of worship (noun.artifact)
:mihrab,
definition:(Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca (noun.artifact)
:mihrab,
definition:(Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca (noun.artifact)
:mosque,
definition:(Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret (noun.artifact)
:hadith,
definition:(Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions (noun.cognition)
:pillar of islam,
definition:(Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims (noun.cognition)
:ta'ziyeh,
definition:(Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi) (noun.communication)
:kismat, kismet,
definition:(Islam) the will of Allah (noun.event)
:halal,
definition:(Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah (noun.food)
:islam nation, islamic ummah, muslim ummah, umma, ummah,
definition:the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan (noun.group)
:beelzebub, devil, lucifer, old nick, prince of darkness, satan, the tempter,
definition:(Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell (noun.person)
:djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni,
definition:(Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals (noun.person)
:shaitan, shaytan,
definition:(Islam) a rebellious jinni who leads men astray (noun.person)
:eblis,
definition:(Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology (noun.person)
:houri,
definition:(Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise (noun.person)
:paynim,
definition:a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim) (noun.person)
:imam, imaum,
definition:(Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide (noun.person)
:mahdi,
definition:(Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion (noun.person)
:halal,
definition:conforming to dietary laws (adj.all)
2. the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion (noun.group)
:civilisation, civilization,
definition:a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations) (noun.group)
:shia, shiah, shiah islam,
definition:one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam; mainly in Iran (noun.group)
:sunni, sunni islam,
definition:one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam (noun.group)
:moslem, muslim,
definition:a believer in or follower of Islam (noun.person)
:islamist,
definition:an orthodox Muslim (noun.person)
:fatwah,
definition:(Islam) a legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar (noun.communication)
:sigeh,
definition:a Shiite tradition of temporary marriage permitted in Iran that allows a couple to specify the terms of their relationship; can last from a few minutes to 99 years (noun.state)
3. the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran (noun.cognition)
:islamist,
definition:an orthodox Muslim (noun.person)
:islamic, moslem, muslim,
definition:of or relating to or supporting Islamism (adj.pert)
4. the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion (noun.group)
:islamist,
definition:an orthodox Muslim (noun.person)
:islamic, moslem, muslim,
definition:of or relating to or supporting Islamism (adj.pert)
5. the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran (noun.cognition)
:islamist,
definition:an orthodox Muslim (noun.person)
:islamic, moslem, muslim,
definition:of or relating to or supporting Islamism (adj.pert)
6. the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion (noun.group)
:islamist,
definition:an orthodox Muslim (noun.person)
:islamic, moslem, muslim,
definition:of or relating to or supporting Islamism (adj.pert)

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