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roman church

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1. the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy (noun.group)
:catholic church,
definition:any of several churches claiming to have maintained historical continuity with the original Christian Church (noun.group)
:rome,
definition:the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church (noun.group)
:curia,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the central administration governing the Roman Catholic Church (noun.group)
:college of cardinals, sacred college,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes (noun.group)
:roman catholic,
definition:a member of the Roman Catholic Church (noun.person)
:indulgence,
definition:the remission by the pope of the temporal punishment in purgatory that is still due for sins even after absolution (noun.act)
:divine office,
definition:canonical prayers recited daily by priests (e.g. the breviary of the Roman Catholic Church) (noun.act)
:little office,
definition:a Roman Catholic office honoring the Virgin Mary; similar to but shorter than the Divine Office (noun.act)
:office of the dead,
definition:an office read or sung before a burial mass in the Roman Catholic Church (noun.act)
:placebo,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) vespers of the office for the dead (noun.act)
:confession,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the act of a penitent disclosing his sinfulness before a priest in the sacrament of penance in the hope of absolution (noun.act)
:beatification,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an act of the Pope who declares that a deceased person lived a holy life and is worthy of public veneration; a first step toward canonization (noun.act)
:canonisation, canonization,
definition:(Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church) the act of admitting a deceased person into the canon of saints (noun.act)
:mass,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist (noun.act)
:novena,
definition:a Roman Catholic devotion consisting of prayers on nine consecutive days (noun.act)
:stations, stations of the cross,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a devotion consisting of fourteen prayers said before a series of fourteen pictures or carvings representing successive incidents during Jesus' passage from Pilate's house to his crucifixion at Calvary (noun.act)
:monstrance, ostensorium,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a vessel (usually of gold or silver) in which the consecrated Host is exposed for adoration (noun.artifact)
:pallium,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging in front and back (noun.artifact)
:ultramontanism,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the policy that the absolute authority of the church should be vested in the pope (noun.cognition)
:sursum corda,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a Latin versicle meaning `lift up your hearts' (noun.communication)
:breviary,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a book of prayers to be recited daily certain priests and members of religious orders (noun.communication)
:missal,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a book containing all the prayers and responses needed to celebrate Mass throughout the year (noun.communication)
:vulgate,
definition:the Latin edition of the Bible translated from Hebrew and Greek mainly by St. Jerome at the end of the 4th century; as revised in 1592 it was adopted as the official text for the Roman Catholic Church (noun.communication)
:paternoster,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the Lord's Prayer in Latin; translates as `our father' (noun.communication)
:mass card,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a card sent to a bereaved family that says the sender has arranged for a Mass to be said in memory of the deceased (noun.communication)
:spiritual bouquet,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a card indicating that the sender will perform certain devotional acts on behalf of another (noun.communication)
:kiss of peace, pax,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a greeting signifying Christian love for those assisting at the Eucharist (noun.communication)
:immaculate conception, immaculate conception of the virgin mary,
definition:(Christianity) the Roman Catholic dogma that God preserved the Virgin Mary from any stain of original sin from the moment she was conceived (noun.communication)
:gradual,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an antiphon (usually from the Book of Psalms) immediately after the epistle at Mass (noun.communication)
:curia,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the central administration governing the Roman Catholic Church (noun.group)
:college of cardinals, sacred college,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes (noun.group)
:rota,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the supreme ecclesiastical tribunal for cases appealed to the Holy See from diocesan courts (noun.group)
:apostolic delegate,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a representative of the Holy See in a country that has no formal diplomatic relations with it (noun.person)
:bishop,
definition:a senior member of the Christian clergy having spiritual and administrative authority; appointed in Christian churches to oversee priests or ministers; considered in some churches to be successors of the twelve Apostles of Christ (noun.person)
:brother,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a monk and used as form of address (noun.person)
:cardinal,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes (noun.person)
:dean,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the head of the College of Cardinals (noun.person)
:doctor, doctor of the church,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching (noun.person)
:domestic prelate,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a priest who is an honorary member of the papal household (noun.person)
:internuncio,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a diplomatic representative of the Pope ranking below a nuncio (noun.person)
:monsignor,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an ecclesiastical title of honor bestowed on some priests (noun.person)
:nuncio, papal nuncio,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a diplomatic representative of the Pope having ambassadorial status (noun.person)
:penitent,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a person who repents for wrongdoing (a Roman Catholic may be admitted to penance under the direction of a confessor) (noun.person)
:postulator,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) someone who proposes or pleads for a candidate for beatification or canonization (noun.person)
:provincial,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an official in charge of an ecclesiastical province acting under the superior general of a religious order (noun.person)
:seminarian, seminarist,
definition:a student at a seminary (especially a Roman Catholic seminary) (noun.person)
:sister,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a nun (and used as a form of address) (noun.person)
:beguine,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a member of a lay sisterhood (one of several founded in the Netherlands in the 12th and 13th centuries); though not taking religious vows the sisters followed an austere life (noun.person)
:vicar-general,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an administrative deputy who assists a bishop (noun.person)
:ambrose, saint ambrose, st. ambrose,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397) (noun.person)
:aquinas, saint thomas, saint thomas aquinas, st. thomas, st. thomas aquinas, thomas aquinas,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225-1274) (noun.person)
:athanasius, athanasius the great, saint athanasius, st. athanasius,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) Greek patriarch of Alexandria who championed Christian orthodoxy against Arianism; a church father, saint, and Doctor of the Church (293-373) (noun.person)
:augustine, augustine of hippo, saint augustine, st. augustine,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430) (noun.person)
:basil, basil of caesarea, basil the great, st. basil, st. basil the great,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379) (noun.person)
:becket, saint thomas a becket, st. thomas a becket, thomas a becket,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170; murdered following his opposition to Henry II's attempts to control the clergy (1118-1170) (noun.person)
:baeda, beda, bede, saint baeda, saint beda, saint bede, st. baeda, st. beda, st. bede, the venerable bede,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) English monk and scholar (672-735) (noun.person)
:apostle of germany, boniface, saint boniface, st. boniface, winfred, wynfrith,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) Anglo-Saxon missionary who was sent to Frisia and Germany to spread the Christian faith; was martyred in Frisia (680-754) (noun.person)
:bruno, saint bruno, st. bruno,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101) (noun.person)
:domingo de guzman, dominic, saint dominic, st. dominic,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) Spanish priest who founded an order whose members became known as Dominicans or Black Friars (circa 1170-1221) (noun.person)
:francis of assisi, giovanni di bernardone, saint francis, saint francis of assisi, st. francis, st. francis of assisi,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181-1226) (noun.person)
:gregory, gregory i, gregory the great, saint gregory i, st. gregory i,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604) (noun.person)
:gregory, gregory nazianzen, gregory of nazianzen, st. gregory of nazianzen,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391) (noun.person)
:ignatius of loyola, loyola, saint ignatius of loyola, st. ignatius of loyola,
definition:Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556) (noun.person)
:irenaeus, saint irenaeus, st. irenaeus,
definition:Greek theologian who was bishop of Lyons and an antiheretical writer; a saint and Doctor of the Church (circa 130-200) (noun.person)
:eusebius hieronymus, eusebius sophronius hieronymus, hieronymus, jerome, saint jerome, st. jerome,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin (which became the Vulgate); a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-420) (noun.person)
:john chrysostom, st. john chrysostom,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a Church Father who was a great preacher and bishop of Constantinople; a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-407) (noun.person)
:holy year,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a period of remission from sin (usually granted every 25 years) (noun.time)
:january 1, solemnity of mary,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) a holy day of obligation (noun.time)
:circumcision, feast of the circumcision, january 1,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Church) feast day celebrating the circumcision of Jesus; celebrated on January 1st (noun.time)
:canonical hour,
definition:(Roman Catholic Church) one of seven specified times for prayer (noun.time)
:great schism,
definition:the period from 1378 to 1417 during which there were two papacies in the Roman Catholic Church, one in Rome and one in Avignon (noun.time)

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