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republic of turkey

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1. a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923 (noun.location)
:country, land, state,
definition:the territory occupied by a nation (noun.location)
:adrianople, adrianopolis, edirne,
definition:a city in northwestern Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian (noun.location)
:kurdistan,
definition:an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus (noun.location)
:abydos,
definition:an ancient Greek colony on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles; scene of the legend of Hero and Leander (noun.location)
:adana, seyhan,
definition:a city in southern Turkey on the Seyhan River (noun.location)
:angora, ankara, capital of turkey, turkish capital,
definition:the capital of Turkey; located in west-central Turkey; it was formerly known as Angora and is the home of Angora goats (noun.location)
:adalia, antalya,
definition:a port city in southwestern Turkey on the Gulf of Antalya (noun.location)
:antakiya, antakya, antioch,
definition:a town in southern Turkey; ancient commercial center and capital of Syria; an early center of Christianity (noun.location)
:canakkale bogazi, dardanelles, hellespont,
definition:the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey (noun.location)
:halicarnassus,
definition:an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the mausoleum at Halicarnassus (noun.location)
:constantinople, istanbul, stamboul, stambul,
definition:the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church (noun.location)
:brusa, bursa,
definition:a city in northwestern Turkey (noun.location)
:izmir, smyrna,
definition:a port city in western Turkey (noun.location)
:pergamum,
definition:an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; the technique of preparing sheepskins as parchment was developed here (noun.location)
:sardis,
definition:an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; as the capital of Lydia it was the cultural center of Asia Minor; destroyed by Tamerlane in 1402 (noun.location)
:aegospotami, aegospotamos,
definition:a creek emptying into the Hellespont in present-day Turkey; at its mouth in 405 BC the Spartan fleet under Lysander defeated the Athenians and ended the Peloponnesian War (noun.object)
:ararat, mount ararat, mt. ararat,
definition:the mountain peak that Noah's ark landed on as the waters of the great flood receded (noun.object)
:aras, araxes,
definition:a river that rises in northeastern Turkey (near the source of the Euphrates) and flows generally eastward through Armenia to the Caspian Sea; ancient name was Araxes (noun.object)
:bosporus,
definition:a strait connecting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea; separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey; an important shipping route (noun.object)
:euphrates, euphrates river,
definition:a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia (noun.object)
:seyhan, seyhan river,
definition:a Turkish river flowing south southwest into the Mediterranean (noun.object)
:tigris, tigris river,
definition:an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River (noun.object)
:anatolia, asia minor,
definition:a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey (noun.location)
:balkan peninsula, balkans,
definition:a large peninsula in southeastern Europe containing the Balkan Mountain Range (noun.location)
:middle east, mideast, near east,
definition:the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century (noun.location)
:turk,
definition:a native or inhabitant of Turkey (noun.person)
:nato, north atlantic treaty organization,
definition:an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security (noun.group)
:dardanelles, dardanelles campaign,
definition:the unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French to open a passage for aid to Russia; defeated by the Turks (noun.act)
:aga, agha,
definition:title for a civil or military leader (especially in Turkey) (noun.communication)
:bulghur, bulgur, bulgur wheat,
definition:parched crushed wheat (noun.food)
:ibda-c, islamic great eastern raiders-front,
definition:a Turkish terrorist organization that claimed responsibility for bombing a British consulate and bank in Istanbul; a violent opponent of Turkey's secular government and its ties to the European Union and NATO (noun.group)
:jerusalem warriors,
definition:ethnic Turkish Sunni terrorists who are linked with the Turkish Hizballah; killed a United States Air Force sergeant in 1991 (noun.group)
:kurdistan labor pary, kurdistan workers party, partiya karkeran kurdistan, ppk,
definition:a Marxist-Leninist terrorist group of Kurds trying to establish an independent Kurdish state in eastern Turkey (noun.group)
:revolutionary people's liberation front, revolutionary people's liberation party,
definition:an extreme Marxist terrorist organization in Turkey that is opposed to NATO and the United States; attacks Turkish security and military officials (noun.group)
:turkish hizballah,
definition:an ethnic Kurdish group of Sunni extremists formed in the late 1980s in southeastern Turkey; seeks to replace Turkey's secular regime with an Islamic state and strict shariah law; responsible for bombings and the torture and murder of Turkish and Kurdish journalists and businessmen; receives support from Iran (noun.group)

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