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near east

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1. the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century (noun.location)
:geographic area, geographic region, geographical area, geographical region,
definition:a demarcated area of the Earth (noun.location)
definition:Arabic name for the Middle East (noun.location)
:fertile crescent,
definition:a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates (noun.location)
definition:an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC (noun.location)
:israel, sion, state of israel, yisrael, zion,
definition:Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine (noun.location)
:arab republic of egypt, egypt, united arab republic,
definition:a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC (noun.location)
:iran, islamic republic of iran, persia,
definition:a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil (noun.location)
:al-iraq, irak, iraq, republic of iraq,
definition:a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq (noun.location)
definition:the former name for the geographical area of the eastern Mediterranean that is now occupied by Lebanon, Syria, and Israel (noun.location)
:hashemite kingdom of jordan, jordan,
definition:an Arab kingdom in southwestern Asia on the Red Sea (noun.location)
:koweit, kuwait, state of kuwait,
definition:an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; a major source of petroleum (noun.location)
:lebanese republic, lebanon,
definition:an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean (noun.location)
:kingdom of saudi arabia, saudi arabia,
definition:an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy (noun.location)
:syria, syrian arab republic,
definition:an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization (noun.location)
:republic of turkey, turkey,
definition:a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923 (noun.location)
:operation desert storm,
definition:the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991) (noun.act)
:arab-israeli war, six day war, six-day war,
definition:tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East (noun.act)
:arab-israeli war, yom kippur war,
definition:Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur); Israel counterattacked and drove the Syrians back and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt (noun.act)
definition:an ornamental metal cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee cup (noun.artifact)
:pita, pocket bread,
definition:usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling (
:falafel, felafel,
definition:small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds (

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